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: World War II : 1945 :

 

PHILIPPINES LANDING :

Date : 9th January 1945.

General MacArthur's US forces landed on the island of Luzon, in the Philippines.

 

 

WARSAW LIBERATED :

Date : 17th January 1945.

The Soviet Red Army entered and liberated Warsaw, the capital of Poland.

 

 

FAR EAST ALLIED GAINS :

Date : 22nd January 1945.

Burma Road reopened.

 

 

DORA-MITTELBAU SLAVE CAMP :

Date : January 1945.

With the dissolution of concentration camps further east, more and more prisoners are transferred to Dora-Mittelbau.

 

 

YALTA CONFERENCE :

Date : 4th February 1945.

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, American President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet at Yalta.

Yalta conference :

 

 

ALLIED TROOPS REACH THE RHINE :

Date : 9th February 1945.

British and Canadian troops reach the river Rhine.

 

 
ALLIED ADVANCES :

Date : 13th-14th February 1945.

Dresden bombed.

Budapest surrenders to the Russians.

 

 

Date : 6th March 1945.

Allies take Cologne.

 

 

IWO JIMA :

Date : 16th March 1945.

The island of Iwo Jima is captured by Americans forces in a hard fought battle. Both sides taking heavy casualties.

 

 

Date : 20th March 1945.

British recapture Mandalay.

 

 

ALLIED TROOPS CROSS THE RHINE :

Date : 23rd March 1945.

British forces cross the river Rhine.

 

 

DORA-MITTELBAU DEATH MARCHES :

Date : April 1945.

The evacuation (death marches) of the main, and sub-camps at Dora begin.

 

 

ALLIED ADVANCES :

Date : 1st April 1945.

Allied troops encircle the Ruhr.

US forces landed on the island of Okinawa.

 

 

LIBERATION OF DORA-MITTELBAU :

Date : 11th April 1945.

The first US soldiers reach the slave camp Dora and underground Mittelwerk factory. Liberation of Dora-Mittelbau.

 

 

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT DIES :

Date : 12th April 1945.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies of cerebral brain haemorrhage aged 63, in the White House. Harry Truman sworn in as President.

 

 

BELSEN AND BUCHENWALD LIBERATED :

Date : 13th April 1945.

Belsen and Buchenwald concentration camps were liberated by the British. Russians occupy Vienna.

 

 

SOVIET ARMY ADVANCES ON BERLIN :

Date : 16th April 1945.

The Soviet army advanced onto the Nazi capital Berlin.

 

 

MUSSOLINI IS KILLED :

Date : 28th April 1945.

Mussolini killed.

Allies capture Venice.

 

 

Date : 29th April 1945.

German unconditional surrender signed at Caserta.

Dachau liberated.

Allies enter Milan.

 

 

HITLER COMMITS SUICIDE :

Date : 30th April 1945.

Adolf Hitler, and his recently married wife Eva Braun, commit suicide in his bunker in Berlin. The bodies are burnt to avoid capture.

 

 

BERLIN FALLS TO THE RED ARMY :

Date : 2nd May 1945.

Berlin, the capital of the Third Reich was captured by the Soviet Red Army.

 

 

Date : 3rd May 1945.

Allies capture Rangoon.

 

 

GERMAN FORCES SURRENDER :

Date : 5th May 1945.

All German forces in Holland, Denmark and Germany surrender unconditionally.

 

 

NAZI GERMANY SURRENDERS :

Date : 7th May 1945.

Nazi Germany surrendered. Hitler's thousand year Reich lasted only 12 years.

 

 

V.E. DAY (VICTORY IN EUROPE) :

Date : 8th May 1945.

British PM Winston Churchill and US President Truman proclaim V.E.Day (Victory In Europe).

 

 

SURRENDER RATIFIED :

Date : 9th May 1945.

Unconditional surrender of Germany to the Allies is ratified in Berlin, Germany.

 

 

Date : 13th May 1945.

Russians suppress resistance in Czechoslovakia.

 

 

Date : 10th June 1945.

Australian troops land in Borneo.

 

 

EISENHOWER'S VICTORY SPEECH :

Date : 12th June 1945.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Allied Supreme Commander, delivers a victor's speech to British lords and royalty at Guildhall.

 

 

OKINAWA CAPTURED :

Date : 21st June 1945.

Although the war in Europe had ended the Pacific war continued bitterly. The island of Okinawa was captured by the US forces.

 

 

UNITED NATIONS :

Date : 26th June 1945.

United Nations formed, and constitution established in San Francisco, USA.

 

 

V2 ROCKETS TRANSPORTED TO THE US :

Date : June 1945.

Around 100 finished rockets are documented as well as many partial ones. All of them are taken away by the American soldiers, by they too have evacuate because the Mittelwerk falls into the Soviet zone.

 

 

THE TRINITY TEST :

Date : 16th July 1945.

First atomic bomb is detonated in the desert of New Mexico, USA. The 'Trinity' test is the result of the Manhattan Project. Scientists complete a successful test in the valley of 'The Journey Of Death'.

'The Baby is born' was the code that gave Truman the news of the successful test, who was in attendance at the Potsdam conference, with other leaders of the Allies.

The Manhattan Project :

 

 

POTSDAM CONFERENCE :

Date : 17th July 1945.

Potsdam Conference. Attended by the leaders of the victors.

 

 

BRITISH GENERAL ELECTION :

Date : 27th July 1945.

General Election in Britain. Conservative Winston Churchill loses the General Election, as a Labour government takes power and Clement Attlee becomes Britain's new Prime Minister.

 

 

SOVIET SCIENTISTS TAKE CONTROL OF V2 FACTORY :

Date : July 1945.

The construction of the V2 begins again at the "Zentralwerk" or Central Works in Bleicherode under the direction of Soviet officers.

 

 

HIROSHIMA : ATOMIC BOMB DROPPED :

Date : 6th August 1945.

United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

Hiroshima :

 

 

SOVIET UNION DECLARES WAR ON JAPAN :

Date : 8th August 1945.

As discussed and agreed at Potsdam by Stalin, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan.

 

 

NAGASAKI : SECOND ATOMIC BOMB DROPPED :

Date : 9th August 1945.

Another atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.

Nagasaki :

 

 

ROBERT GODDARD DIES :

Date : 10th August 1945.

American rocket scientist Robert Goddard dies.

 

 

EMPEROR OF JAPAN BROADCASTS :

Date : 14th August 1945.

The Emperor of Japan broadcasts the unconditional surrender to his country. Japan surrenders, and WWII comes to an end.

 

 

JAPAN SURRENDERS :

Date : 2nd September 1945.

The Japanese surrender is signed on the deck of USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.

 

 

Date : 5th September 1945.

British forces re-enter Singapore.

 

 

JAPANESE SURRENDER IN BURMA SIGNED :

Date : 13th September 1945.

The Japanese surrender in Burma is signed.

 

 

WORLD WAR II ENDS :

World War II ends. Remember.

Remember :

 

 

THE NUREMBERG TRIALS :

Date : November 1945 - October 1946.

The Nuremberg Trials are held, and leading Nazi leaders are tried for war crimes. Many Nazis escape and flee from Europe, and are helped by the Nazi organization called 'Odessa'.

British Government papers show that Churchill want to execute Hitler in the electric chair without a trial if caught by the British. 'Hitler? Execute Him'.

The Nuremberg Trials : 'Hitler? Execute Him' : Odessa :

 

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For those visitors that have entered to this site, directly to this page, we would like to inform you that this page is part of a series of pages, within a section that acts as a backdrop to 'The Puzzle' project. 'The Puzzle' is a musical project that looks at different events from the 20th-21st Century.

This section is part of the 'World War II' zone. 'A Promise Of Peace' tells the story, in chronological order, of World War II.

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