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: World War II : 1942 :

 

UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION :

Date : 1st January 1942.

United Nations declaration signed by 26 countries. The United Nations would replace the League of Nations. The League of Nations will be dissolved in 1946, and the new United Nations will become the new international organization.

 

 

JAPANESE ADVANCES :

Date : 2nd January 1942.

Japanese troops invade and captures the capital of the Philippines, Manila, on the island of Luzon.

Date : 11th January 1942.

The British retake Sollum, eastern Libya in north Africa.

Japan attacked Thailand, Malaya, Dutch East Indies, and New Guinea.

 

 

NAZI ADVANCES IN NORTH AFRICA :

Date : 28th January 1942.

Rommel's Afrika Korps retakes Benghazi in Libya, north Africa from the Allies.

 

 

JAPANESE TROOPS CONTINUED ADVANCE :

Date : 28th January 1942.

After recent territorial gains in New Guinea by Japan it puts the Australian mainland in direct threat from Japanese attacks and possible invasion. The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) bomb the port Rabaul in New Guinea. The port was on the north-east of the island of New Britain, which was held by the Japanese.

Date : 8th February 1942.

Japan captures Rangoon the capital of Burma. The invasion of Burma directly threatens the possibility of attacks and invasion of India.

Date : 15th February 1942.

The British expecting an attack by sea on Singapore by the Japanese, was taken totally by surprise when the Japanese opted to approach Singapore across rugged terrain. The Japanese captured Singapore, and the British surrender became the largest British army capitulation, when a total of 130,000 British troops became Prisoners of war.

Date : 19th February 1942.

Japan launches attacks on mainland Australia. Japanese warplanes bomb the Australian city of Darwin. The attack marked the most southerly point of the Japanese advance.

Date : 26th - 28th February 1942.

Japanese troops prepare for the invasion of the Dutch East Indies and the island of Java. An Allied naval force consisting of British, America, Australian and Dutch vessels clashed with a Japanese force. The clash is known as the Battle of the Java Sea. Allied attempts to stop the Japanese failed, and the Allied naval presence was destroyed.

Date : 2nd March 1942.

Japan captures Jakarta (known as Batavia by the Dutch) the then capital of the Dutch East Indies.

Date : 8th April 1942.

The United States surrenders Bataan, defended by US and Filipino troops against Japanese forces.

Date : 12th April 1942.

General MacArthur is ordered to evacuate from the Philippines by President Roosevelt, and promises to return. Over 60,000 Allied prisoners died on the infamous Bataan Death March, as the captured POWs were marched to Japanese camps.

 

 

MALTA HONOURED FOR BRAVERY :

Date : 16th April 1942.

The George Cross is awarded to the island of Malta for its valour for resisting severe Axis aerial attacks. Malta's position in the Mediterranean was vital for Allied dominance in the Mediterranean sea, maintaining links with Allied armies in north Africa and protecting the convoys carrying supplies via Suez Canal Zone.

 

 

BRITISH SURRENDER THE PHILIPPINES :

Date : 6th - 8th May 1942.

General Wainwright surrenders all British forces to the Japanese in the Philippines.

 

 

BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA :

Date : 15th May 1942.

Japanese confidence was well founded, as victory followed victory over the four month period since the attack on Pearl Harbor. But at the Battle of the Coral Sea Japanese expansion would be thwarted for the very first time, as the Japanese fleet clashed with an Allied fleet commanded by US Rear-Admiral Fletcher.

It was the first Japanese defeat of the campaign, and America's first success in the Pacific. The planned expansion by the Japanese, the invasion of Port Moresby, New Guinea, was blocked.

 

 

ROMMEL LAUNCHES DESERT OFFENSIVE :

Date : 27th May 1942.

General Rommel launched an offensive against General Auchinleck's British Army in Libya, north Africa. Rommel's intent was to remove the British from the Cyrenaica area of eastern Libya.

 

 

1000 BOMBER RAID ON COLOGNE :

Date : 30th May 1942.

First British RAF '1000 Bomber' raid on Cologne, Germany. The attack on Cologne was devastating, and it proved that a concentrated air attack could be mustered and strike deep inside the Third Reich.

Allied Air Offensive :

 

 

BATTLE OF MIDWAY :

Date : 3rd - 4th June 1942.

US and Japanese battle fleets meet at the Battle of Midway. It's a turning point in the Pacific war as the US fleet wins the battle, defeating the Japanese fleet. The each fleet is attacked by opposing aircraft launched from carriers.

 

 

SEBASTOPOL UNDER SIEGE :

Date : 5th June 1942.

The Nazis advanced and besieged the Ukrainian port of Sebastopol, in the region of Crimea in the Soviet Union.

 

 

NAZIS ADVANCE IN NORTH AFRICA :

Date : 21st June 1942.

Rommel's Afrika Korps had advanced successfully and finally took Tobruk. Commander of the Tobruk garrison, General Klopper, surrendered Tobruk on the 21st June 1942.

The Axis had taken over 30,000 Allied prisoners, and the Allied forces were in retreat east out of Libya, and towards Egypt.

The capture of the Cyrenaica region of eastern Libya, which included the cities of Benghazi, Derna and Tobruk, was a major success for Rommel, and earned him a promotion from General to the rank of Field Marshal.

Date : 24th June 1942.

Rommel's Afrika Korps advances to Sidi Barrani, and forced the British Army to retreat to Mersa Matruh.

 

 

EISENHOWER HEADS ALLIED FORCES IN EUROPE :

Date : 25th June 1942.

General Eisenhower is appointed Commander-in-Chief of Allied forces in Europe.

 

 

SEBASTOPOL FALLS :

Date : 3rd July 1942.

The Soviet city of Sebastopol falls to the Nazis after being under siege for a month.

 

 

US TROOPS INVADE THE SOLOMON ISLANDS :

Date : 7th August 1942.

US troops land on the Solomon Islands.

 

 

CHURCHILL MEETS STALIN :

Date : 12th August 1942.

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill meets Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in Moscow, Soviet Union.

 

 

ALLIED COMMANDER RESHUFFLE IN NORTH AFRICA :

Date 15th August 1942.

After the series of defeats in north Africa, and with Allied forces retreated to Egypt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill reshuffled his commanders in the desert.

General Auchinleck is replaced by General Alexander as Commander-in-Chief for Allied forces in the Middle East. General Montgomery became commander of the Allied forces in the field, which is called the 8th Army.

 

 

STALINGRAD :

Date : 13th September 1942.

Nazi troops clash with Soviet troops at the city of Stalingrad, Soviet Union. The battle for Stalingrad will be a brutal and bloody clash.

 

 

BATTLE OF EL ALAMEIN :

Date : 23rd October 1942.

A turning point in the desert campaign as Field Marshal Rommel clashed with General Montgomery at the Battle of El Alamein. The battle ends in defeat for the German and Italian armies, against the British and Allied forces under General Montgomery's command.

 

 

GUADALCANAL :

Date : 1st November 1942.

US Marines launch an attack in the Guadalcanal. Allied forces push the Japanese into retreat on the Island of Papua, New Guinea and besiege the town of Buna.

 

 

AXIS FORCES IN RETREAT :

Date : 3rd-5th November 1942.

Field Marshal Rommel and his Axis troops under his command, retreat from the British at El Alamein. The British followed in pursuit.

 

 

ALLIED INVASION OF NORTH AFRICA :

Date : 8th November 1942.

US troops face Hitler's Nazi troops for the first time when an Anglo-American force under General Eisenhower landed in Morocco, North Africa.

The invasion was named Operation Torch. This Allied force in the west would meet with Monty's force in the east, and force Rommel out of north Africa, and end Nazi influence on the African continent.

 

 

AXIS FORCES IN NORTH AFRICA IN RETREAT :

Date : 11th November 1942.

Rommel's Afrika Korps retreated and occupied Tunisia, as the British 8th Army still in pursuit, takes Bardia in eastern Libya, north Africa.

Eisenhower's Anglo-American force quickly captures Casablanca, Algiers and Oran, and swiftly moving to link up with Allied forces under Monty moving east.

Admiral Darlan commander of Vichy forces in north Africa surrendered to the Allies.

Date : 11th November 1942.

The result of Darlan's surrender of Vichy forces in north Africa was for the Nazis to occupy Southern France, which was under Vichy control. At Toulon the French had scuttled their ships.

Date : 13th November 1942.

Further Allied advances in north Africa as the Allies take Tobruk.

 

 

STALINGRAD SOVIET OFFENSIVE :

Date : 19th November 1942.

Soviet troops attack Romanians north of Stalingrad.

 

 

ALLIED ADVANCES IN NORTH AFRICA :

Date : 20th November 1942.

The Allied forces continued westward in the north African desert in pursuit of 'The Desert Fox', Rommel, and take Benghazi.

 

 

In 1942 Italian born, US physicist Enrico Fermi builds the first nuclear reactor at the University of Chicago, USA. He was part of the Manhattan Project and his research would lead to the development of the atomic bomb.

Also in 1942 Mexico and Brazil declared war on Germany and Japan, aligning themselves with the United Nations that opposed the Axis powers.

 

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For those visitors that have entered to this site, directly to this page, we would like to inform you that this page is part of a series of pages, within a section that acts as a backdrop to 'The Puzzle' project. 'The Puzzle' is a musical project that looks at different events from the 20th-21st Century.

This section is part of the 'World War II' zone. 'A Promise Of Peace' tells the story, in chronological order, of World War II.

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