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| 1930-37 | 1938 | 1939 | 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 |

: World War II : 1941 :

 

ROOSEVELT SPEECH TO CONGRESS :

Date : 6th January 1941.

In speech to Congress, Franklin D. Roosevelt declares four freedoms : freedom of speech and religion, freedom of want and fear -- that are essential to democratic interests.

 

 

ALLIES TAKE Tobruk :

Date : 22nd January 1941.

The Allies take the city of Tobruk, Libya, in North Africa.

 

 

GENERAL ERWIN ROMMEL :

Date : 2nd February 1941.

General Erwin Rommel became the commander of the Afrika Korps in north Africa, and arrives in Tripoli, Libya, to lead the German offensive in the desert. Rommel will be nicknamed by the British as 'The Desert Fox'.

 

 

LEND-LEASE BILL :

Date : 8th March 1941.

US Senate passes an act of Congress called the 'Lend-Lease Bill'. Under the bill the United States can supply war materials to a country in a state war, which is deemed vital to the defence of the United States. Britain and the Soviet Union would both be benefactors of the 'Lend-Lease Bill'.

 

 

BATTLE OF CAPE MATAPAN :

Date : 28th March 1941.

The British defeated the Italian fleet in the Battle Of Cape Matapan.

 

 

BRITAIN HELPS GREECE :

Date : 5th April 1941.

The British desperately needed a foothold on mainland Europe, the last being the BEF who were expelled from Dunkirk in 1940. The Italian invasion of Greece in October 1940 had faltered due to strong Greek resistance, and the invaders were repelled. Greece was seen as a opportunity to establish that presence on mainland Europe.

Wavell, British Commander in Chief of the Middle East, who successfully defended Egypt from the Italians is ordered to send troops to Greece. The manoeuvre seriously weakened the British force in the desert.

 

 

NAZIS INVADE YUGOSLAVIA AND GREECE :

Date : 6th April 1941.

Due to the failed Italian invasion of Greece in October 1940, and continued engagements against strong Greek resistance, the arrival of British troops in Greece on 5th April caused Mussolini to approach Hitler for assistance. Hitler obliged and Nazi troops invaded and overran Yugoslavia and Greece, expelling the British force once again off of mainland Europe.

 

 

ROMMEL ENCIRCLES Tobruk :

Date : 13th April 1941.

General Rommel advances and encircles the Allied garrison at Tobruk in Libya, north Africa.

At the same time the Soviet Union signs neutrality pact with Japan.

 

 

CHARLES LINDBERGH WARNS U.S. :

Date : 23rd April 1941.

Although President Roosevelt was eager to enter World War II there was very strong opposition in the United States to entering the war, especially from isolationist forces. The famous US aviator Charles Lindbergh warns the US against entering into a war it cannot win.

 

 

NAZIS INVADE CRETE :

Date : 21st May 1941.

After the success of the Greece invasion, Hitler looks to increase his influence in the Mediterranean and the Nazis invade Crete. Nazis take Maleme airfield in the first airborne invasion in history.

The islands in the Mediterranean are strategically important on many levels, most immediately the supplies to an army in the north African desert.

 

 

H.M.S. HOOD IS SUNK :

Date : 24th May 1941.

The British battleship H.M.S. Hood is Sunk by the Nazi battleship Bismarck. Only three survivors.

 

 

BISMARCK SUNK :

Date : 27th May 1941.

British warships engage the German battleship Bismarck, the battle ends when the Bismarck is Sunk.

 

 

THE FIRST JET ENGINE :

Date : May.

British engineer Frank Whittle flies the first aircraft with a jet engine, when the Gloster E 28/29 flew with the Whittle jet engine.

 

 

BRITISH INVADES SYRIA :

Date : 8th June 1941.

With a Nazi force in the north African desert, and the occupation of Greece by Nazi Germany, British supply links via the Seuz Canal and the Middle East oil fields, are threatened on two fronts.

British forces invaded Syria and removed the Vichy regime in Damascus. Syria was occupied by the British and the Free French forces.

 

 

GERMANY INVADES RUSSIA :

Date : 22nd June 1941.

Stalin had ignored warnings from Winston Churchill about the impending invasion by Germany. On the morning of 22nd June Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany implements 'Operation Barbarossa', the invasion of the Soviet Union. The Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact is ignored, as Hitler opens an eastern front.

Date : 12th July 1941.

The British and the Soviet Union sign the Anglo-Soviet Treaty of Mutual Assistance.

Russia :

 

 

JAPAN ADVANCES :

Date : 28th July 1941.

Japanese troops land in Indochina (French name for their colonies in south east Asia which included Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam).

Date : 5th August 1941.

Britain and America impose trade ban on sale of raw materials to Japan.

 

 

GERMAN TROOPS ADVANCE IN RUSSIA :

Date : 5th August 1941.

Russian resistance at Smolensk, western Russia, is eliminated by advancing German troops.

Date : 12th August 1941.

German Army Group North advances onto the city of Leningrad.

A meeting between British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and US President Roosevelt, Great Britain and the United States sign the Atlantic Charter.

Date : 19th August 1941.

German Army Group South captures 650,00 Soviet soldiers at Kiev.

Date : 5th September 1941.

Germans occupy the Baltic state of Estonia.

Date : 8th-9th September 1941.

The Nazi troops reach and isolates the city of Leningrad. Leningrad is cut off from the rest of Russia.

Date : 28th September 1941.

First Arctic convoy leaves for Russia from Iceland.

 

 

NEW JAPANESE PRIME MINISTER :

Date : 17th October 1941.

Japanese Minister of War Hideki Tojo becomes Prime Minister of Japan, succeeding Fumimaro Konoe.

 

 

MORE GERMAN ADVANCES IN RUSSIA :

Date : 20th October 1941.

German troops take Bryansk.

Date : 30th October 1941.

Nazis advance through the Crimea in the south and reach the outskirts of the Soviet capital Moscow.

 

 

BRITISH 2ND DESERT CAMPAIGN :

Date : 18th November 1941.

The British and Allied forces launched the 2nd Allied Desert campaign in north Africa.

 

 

RUSSIAN WINTER HALTS HITLER'S ADVANCE IN RUSSIA :

Date : 5th December 1941.

Adolf Hitler abandoned Moscow offensive for the winter, as temperatures drop and halt the Nazis advance.

 

 

JAPAN ATTACKS PEARL HARBOR :

Date : 7th December 1941.

The US naval base Pearl Harbor in Oahu, Hawaii, was attacked by Japanese warplanes while Japanese envoys talked peace in Washington. The attack killed over 2,000 American servicemen, and destroyed or damaged a large part of the US Pacific Fleet. Fortunately the period's most valuable asset, the aircraft carrier, was untouched. The Fleet's carriers were out of port on manoeuvres at the time of the attack.

Although Admiral Kimmel and Lt-General Short were held responsible for the base being unprepared for the attack, its believed that British Intelligence had informed America of the impending attacks.

This 'bloody nose' was enough to galvanize US public opinion about the United States entering the war.

The Pacific War begins as Japan attacks the Philippines, Hong Kong and Malaya.

Pearl Harbor : The Pacific War :

 

 

UNITED STATES DECLARES WAR ON JAPAN :

Date : 8th December 1941.

In Congress President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a state of war against Japan for the unprovoked attack on Pearl Harbor.

Declaration of war speech in full :

 

 

IMMEDIATE EVENTS AFTER AMERICA ENTERS THE WAR :

Date : 9th December 1941.

China declares war on Nazi Germany and Japan.

Date : 10th December 1941.

Japan captures Guam.

Date : 11th December 1941.

Germany and Italy declare war on the United States of America. Japan attacks Burma.

Date : 23rd December 1941.

Japan captures Wake Island.

Date : 24th December 1941.

British troops retake Benghazi, Libya, north Africa.

Date : 25th December 1941.

Japan captures Hong Kong.

 

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For those visitors that have entered to this site, directly to this page, we would like to inform you that this page is part of a series of pages, within a section that acts as a backdrop to 'The Puzzle' project. 'The Puzzle' is a musical project that looks at different events from the 20th-21st Century.

This section is part of the 'World War II' zone. 'A Promise Of Peace' tells the story, in chronological order, of World War II.

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