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| 1930-37 | 1938 | 1939 | 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 |

: World War II : 1940 :

 

RUSSO-FINNISH PACT :

Date : 12th March 1940.

The Soviet Union and Finland sign the Russo-Finnish Pact in Russia.

 

 

GERMANY INVADES DENMARK AND NORWAY :

Date : 9th April 1940.

Both Germany, Britain and France were avoiding confrontation in western Europe, and repeating the scenes of World War I. They engaged in a 'Distant War'. After the success of Poland Hitler took his next step and German troops invaded Denmark and Norway.

Hitler needed to safeguard German ore supplies from neutral Sweden, which made Norway a target.

Norway :

 

 

BATTLE OF NARVIK :

Date : 13th April 1940.

The Norwegian port of Narvik was used to transport Swedish ore to Germany, and so became a target for an Allied invasion in the hope to stop Hitler in his tracks.

 

 

NORWAY SURRENDERS :

Date : 1st May 1940.

The invasion of Norway by the Nazis saw very little resistance, mostly due to the effects of 'Blitzkrieg' on Poland and the destruction of Warsaw. Norway surrendered to Germany and would be occupied during the war under a puppet government led by Vidkun Quisling.

 

 

THE 'NORWAY DEBATE' :

Date : 7th-8th May 1940.

The failure of the Allied invasion of Norway instigated the 'Norway Debate' in the House of Commons. The result would bring down the existing British government.

 

 

NAZIS INVADE THE LOW COUNTRIES :

Date : 10th May 1940.

Hitler looks west and Germany attacks the Low Countries. The 'Phoney War' is about to become a real war. Allied troops advance to block the Nazi invasion.

Due to the 'Norway Debate' British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain resigns. Winston Churchill becomes the new British Prime Minister and establishes a coalition government.

Allied Troops Advance :

 

 

HOLLAND SURRENDERS :

Date : 14th May 1940.

Dutch resistance collapses against the Nazis and Holland surrenders to German forces.

 

 

ALLIED TROOPS CLASH WITH ADVANCING NAZI FORCES :

Date : 15th May 1940.

French forces engage and are defeated by the Germans at Sedan. The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) are forced back, and retreat to Dunkirk. The Germans cut between the British and French forces and head towards the English Channel in a brilliant fast manoeuvre.

 

 

BRUSSELS FALLS :

Date : 17th May 1940.

Belgium capital Brussels falls, and surrenders to German forces.

 

 

GERMANS REACH ENGLISH CHANNEL :

Date : 20th May 1940.

Germans reach the coast on the English Channel isolating and trapping the British Expeditionary Force at Dunkirk.

 

 

BOULOGNE AND CALAIS FALL :

Date : 25th May 1940.

Boulogne in France falls to the ever advancing Germans. On the following day, 26th May Calais also falls in to German hands.

 

 

DUNKIRK : OPERATION DYNAMO :

Date : 27th May 1940.

The British and Allies armies that are isolated and trapped are evacuated from the coastal town of Dunkirk. The operation of the evacuation of British troops back to England is called 'Operation Dynamo.

As Dynamo begins the Allies are racing against the clock as the Germans close in, and it's only a matter of time before the trap snaps and Dunkirk falls. The following day, 28th May, Belgium capitulates.

The evacuation continued and was completed on 4th June, when Dunkirk fell to the Germans. Over 300,000 Allied troops are saved to fight another day.

Dunkirk : 'Operation Dynamo' :

 

 

THE NEW GERMAN OFFENSIVE :

Date : 5th June 1940.

The second major German offensive begins, as the Germans secure the coastline on the English Channel the new offensive focuses on France, and its target Paris.

 

 

ITALY DECLARES WAR :

Date : 10th June 1940.

Standing in the wings observing Mussolini watches the war progress. Seeing Hitler's gains and the recent defeats inflicted on Britain and France by the Germans, Italy declares war on Great Britain and France.

 

 

FRANCE CAPITULATES :

Date : 14th June 1940.

Nazis troops enter and capture the French capital Paris.

Date : 22nd June 1940.

French resistance to German aggression collapses and France capitulates. Hitler visits Paris and is present when the Franco-German Armistice signed. The armistice is signed in the same railway carriage that German surrender was signed in 1918 at the end of World War I. After the signing Hitler has the carriage destroyed. Hitler further humiliated the French when the German army marched through Paris in a victory parade, taking the same route that the French army had taken after the victory of World War I.

Date : 24th June 1940.

Nazis occupy the Channel Islands.

The Germans occupy France and create a puppet government at Vichy led by Marshal Pétain.

Fall Of France :

 

 

BRITISH ATTACK FRENCH FLEET :

Date : 3rd July 1940.

The British Royal Navy attacks the French fleet at Oran and Mers-el-Kebir. With a puppet regime installed at Vichy, falling under the influence of the Germans, the British fear that the French warships will be seized by the Germans and used against Britain.

 

 

THE BATTLE OF BRITAIN :

Date : 10th July 1940.

With France defeated Hitler turns to face Britain, who now stands alone. 'Operation Sealion', the Nazi invasion of Britain begins. Hitler prepares an invasion fleet to cross the English Channel.

Date : 12th August 1940.

The Nazi air offensive against Great Britain is launched, its object was to smash any British defence against an invasion by sea, this especially includes domination of the skies over southern England. Without control of the skies the invasion cannot take place. Concentrated attacks are focused on RAF airfields, in an attempt to take RAF out of the equation.

Date : 25th August 1940.

RAF Bomber Command attacks Berlin in response to bombs being dropped on London.

Date : 7th September 1940.

Angered by the RAF attacks on Berlin, Hitler orders the Luftwaffe to target London in retribution for Berlin air raid. The switch of tactics takes the pressure off the RAF airfields, and gives the RAF valuable time to repair the airfields and make them operational.

Date : 15th September 1940.

The Luftwaffe is met by a strong RAF over southern England and is defeated and seriously mauled by the RAF.

Date : 17th September 1940.

Hitler reconsiders his invasion plans of Britain and cancels 'Operation Sealion'. The Royal Air Force is victorious, and saves Britain from invasion, as the Germans faced their first defeat is the outbreak of war the previous year.

The Battle Of Britain :

 

 

THE BLITZ :

Date : 17th September 1940.

Although Operation Sealion failed Hitler changes tactics and continues to attack Britain. The new tactic is the systematic bombing of British cities, especially London. The British have to endure the devastation night after night, as Hitler attempts to break British moral.

The Blitz :

 

 

ITALIANS INVADE EGYPT :

Date : 13th-14th September 1940.

Mussolini expands Italian interests in North Africa and invades Egypt. The Italian invasion threatened British interests such as the Suez Canal, and its links with the rest of its empire.

These links were very important in supplying the raw materials for the war effort, such as oil from the middle-east.

Britain had a substantial garrison in Egypt to protect the Canal Zone. Egypt's western border became a battlefront.

 

 

TRIPARTITE PACT SIGNED :

Date : 27th September 1940.

The fascist states Germany, Italy and Japan sign Tripartite Pact.

 

 

ITALY INVADES GREECE :

Date : 28th October 1940.

Mussolini furthers Italian interests as Italy invaded Greece.

 

 

ROOSEVELT RE-ELECTED :

Date : 5th November 1940.

In America Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected as President of the United States.

 

 

ITALIAN FLEET ATTACKED :

Date : 11th November 1940.

The British attack the Italian fleet in a daring raid at Taranto. The Japanese admiringly take note of the attack, and adopt the methods and techniques when Japan attacks the American Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor.

 

 

BRITAIN STARTS NORTH AFRICAN OFFENSIVE :

Date : 9th December 1940.

The British launched their first offensive in the desert.

 

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For those visitors that have entered to this site, directly to this page, we would like to inform you that this page is part of a series of pages, within a section that acts as a backdrop to 'The Puzzle' project. 'The Puzzle' is a musical project that looks at different events from the 20th-21st Century.

This section is part of the 'World War II' zone. 'A Promise Of Peace' tells the story, in chronological order, of World War II.

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