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| 1930-37 | 1938 | 1939 | 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 |

: World War II : 1939 :

 

HITLER INVADES CZECHOSLOVAKIA :

Date : 15th March 1939.

Hitler enters Prague and German troops occupy Czechoslovakia. Hitler's actions in Czechoslovakia goes against what was agreed at Munich. A Czech government-in-exile is established in London led by Eduard Benes.

 

 

BRITAIN AND FRANCE GUARANTEES TO POLAND :

Date : 31st March 1939.

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain announces Anglo-French guarantees to Poland if attacked by Hitler's Nazi Germany.

 

 

ANTI-COMINTERN PACT SIGNED :

Date : 7th April 1939.

Nazi Germany, Italy, Spain and Japan sign an Anti-Comintern Pact (Anti-Communist International Pact).

 

 

ITALY INVADES ALBANIA :

Date : 7th April 1939.

Mussolini's Italian troops invade Albania in the continued attempt to expand his empire and influence.

 

 

'PACT OF STEEL' :

Date : 22nd May 1939.

Nazi Germany and Italy sign a 'Pact of Steel', a political and military alliance. The 'Pact of Steel' was an extension to the Rome-Berlin Axis Pact formed by the two countries in 1936.

 

 

NAZI-SOVIET NON-AGGRESSION PACT :

Date : 23rd August 1939.

Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a Non-aggression Pact, sometimes known as the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact. Hitler's Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop agreed with Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov, that both countries would remain neutral and avoid acts of aggression against each other, if either country went to war.

The pact contained secret clauses for the partition of Poland between the two powers, western Poland to Hitler and eastern Poland to Stalin.

Stalin Biography :

 

 

BRITISH AND POLISH PACT SIGNED :

Date : 25th August 1939.

Britain and Poland sign an Anglo-Polish Assistance Treaty.

 

 

GERMANY INVADES POLAND :

Date : 1st September 1939.

The 'Polish Corridor', which was established in the 1919 Treaty of Versailles to give Poland access to the sea, but isolated east Prussia from Germany became the focal point for Hitler.

Resentment of the 'Polish Corridor' inspired Nazi propaganda to inflame tension between Germany and Poland, an instigated incident sparks Nazi Germany to invade Poland. Hitler achieves his goal and annexes the separated east Prussia which contains the city of Danzig.

The Invasion Of Poland :

 

 

BRITAIN SENDS ULTIMATUM :

Date : 2nd September 1939.

The invasion of Poland by German troops stuns the world. Britain and France honours the agreement signed with Poland, and sends an ultimatum to Germany, withdraw from Poland or face war.

 

 

WAR IS DECLARED : WORLD WAR II BEGINS :

Date : 3rd September 1939.

Germany ignores the ultimatum given by Britain and France, and Europe is plunged into war. Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Nazi Germany for its aggression on Poland. A British Expeditionary Force begins to leave for France.

Although war is declared Britain and France enters a period known as 'The Phoney War'.

The Phoney War :

 

 

US DECLARES NEUTRALITY :

Date : 5th September 1939.

The United States declares official neutrality in foreign wars. American public opinion is against fighting another war in Europe.

 

 

SOUTH AFRICA DECLARES WAR :

Date : 6th September 1939.

South Africa declares war on Nazi Germany after the South African government, who wanted to stay neutral, is defeated by Parliament.

Ireland opt for remaining neutral.

 

 

CANADA ENTERS WAR :

Date : 10th September 1939.

Canada declares war on Nazi Germany and enters World War II.

 

 

RUSSIA INVADES POLAND :

Date : 17th September 1939.

With Polish troops fighting for survival against the invading Nazis in the west of the country, Russian troops invade in eastern Poland and occupy territories as agreed in the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact.

 

 

POLAND SURRENDERS :

Date : 27th September 1939.

Poland loses the battle against Hitler's Blitzkrieg and surrenders. Its capital, Warsaw is reduced to rubble.

 

 

POLAND PARTITIONED :

Date : 29th September 1939.

Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union sign the agreement that partitions Poland. Poland is wiped off the map. Russia then signs pacts with Estonia and Finland.

During the month of September, 23 British merchant ships are sunk by Nazi U-boats.

 

 

HITLER'S PEACE PLANS REJECTED :

Date : 12th October 1939.

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain rejects Hitler's peace plans.

The Soviet Union presents territorial demands to Finland. Which is rejected.

 

 

US 'CASH AND CARRY' CLAUSE :

Date : 3rd November 1939.

In the United States a 'Cash and Carry' clause is introduced into the US Statute of Neutrality, which was declared on 5th September 1939.

 

 

SOVIET UNION INVADES FINLAND :

Date : 30th November 1939.

As a result of their territorial demands being rejected by Finland, the Soviet Union launches an invasion of Finland.

 

 

BATTLE OF THE RIVER PLATE :

Date : 13th December 1939.

Fighting a 'Distant War' policy British ships hunt the Nazi warship Graf Spee and clash in the Atlantic. The Graf Spee finds sanctuary in the neutral port of Montevideo, Uruguay. British ships wait for her to re-emerge to renew the battle, but the Graf Spee's captain scuttles the ship rather than engage the waiting British warships.

Battle Of The River Plate :

 

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For those visitors that have entered to this site, directly to this page, we would like to inform you that this page is part of a series of pages, within a section that acts as a backdrop to 'The Puzzle' project. 'The Puzzle' is a musical project that looks at different events from the 20th-21st Century.

This section is part of the 'World War II' zone. 'A Promise Of Peace' tells the story, in chronological order, of World War II.

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