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| 1930-37 | 1938 | 1939 | 1940 | 1941 | 1942 | 1943 | 1944 | 1945 |

: World War II : 1930 - 1937 :

 

: 1930 :

GERMAN ELECTIONS :

Date : September 1930.

In the German elections Hitler's Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers' Party or Nazi Party) became the second strongest party in the Reichstag.

The Rise Of Nazism :

 

 

: 1931 :

JAPAN OCCUPIES MANCHURIA :

Date : 1931.

The Russians had been expelled after the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-1905 from the control of Manchuria, and left a strong Japanese presence.

In 1931 Japan instigated an incident at Mukden that led Japan to occupy the whole province of Manchuria, which contained the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning, as a prelude for Japanese expansion.

Japan then created the puppet state of Manchukuo ruled by Henry P'u-i, the last Manchu emperor who was overthrown in 1912.

 

 

: 1932 :

GERMAN ELECTIONS :

Date : September 1932.

Hitler promises 'Work, Freedom and Bread', and his Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei / National Socialist German Workers' Party or Nazi Party) wins 230 seats in the Reichstag and became the strongest party.

The Rise Of Nazism :

 

 

JAPAN INVADES CHINA :

Date : 1932.

Japan takes aggressive action against China. Japanese forces land at Shanghai.

 

 

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT :

Date : November 1932.

FDR wins the 1932 Presidential election by the largest margin of any candidate since Ulysses S. Grant, to become the new President of the United States of America.

 

 

: 1933 :

HITLER BECOMES CHANCELLOR :

Date : 30th January 1933.

Due to the 1932 elections and the Nazi Party's strong position as largest party in the Reichstag, President Hindenburg offers the chancellorship to Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler.

The Rise Of Nazism : The Nuremberg Rallies :

 

 

THE REICHSTAG FIRE :

Date : 27th February 1933.

The German parliament building, Reichstag, in Berlin was burnt down in mysterious circumstances. Although a Dutch man, Marinus van der Lubbe, was arrested and convicted of arson there is considerable suspicion that Hitler and the Nazis were in fact behind incident.

The fire allowed the Nazis to suspend many constitutional guarantees and declare a 'state of emergency' within the country. These extra powers allowed the Nazis to victimize other groups and opponents of the Nazis. The 'state of emergency' stayed in place up until the end of World war II in 1945.

Arsonist or scapegoat, Marinus van der Lubbe was executed for the Reichstag fire in 1934.

The Rise Of Nazism : Enemies Of The State :

 

 

: 1934 :

'NIGHT OF THE LONG KNIVES' :

Date : 30th June 1934.

'Night Of The Knives' is the name given to the Nazi purges. In one night in June 1934 Hitler's SS bodyguards seized, arrested and executed opponents of Hitler's Nazi Party, including leading members of the Nazi Party.

This act solidified Hitler's position and power.

The Rise Of Nazism : Enemies Of The State :

 

 

PRESIDENT HINDENBURG DIES :

Date : 2nd August 1934.

President Hindenburg dies at the age of 87. His death create the opportunity for Adolf Hitler to attain complete power and dominance over Germany.

Hitler moves quickly by abolishing the office of President, which makes him leader and calls himself 'Führer'. Hitler also takes command of the German armed forces, then has all servicemen swear an oath of personal loyalty to the 'Führer', and not to the German constitution.

The Rise Of Nazism :

 

 

JAPAN PREPARES FOR WAR :

Date : 1934.

During 1934 Japan begins to rearm. Japan wants to expand to gain much needed raw materials, and is prepared to take what it needs by military action. Rearmament puts Japan onto a war footing.

 

 

THE LONG MARCH :

Date : October 1934.

Chinese Communists embark on 'The Long March' from Jiangxi and Fujian in the south to Yan'an in the north, to escape being trapped by Guomindang (National People's Party) forces, led by Chiang Kai-shek.

The March was over 6,000 miles, in which Mao Zedong emerged as the new communist leader as a result of a power struggle with Chang Kuo T'ao.

 

 

: 1935 :

HITLER REARMS :

Date : 1935.

Hitler reintroduces conscription to the armed forces, and also starts to rearm ignoring The Treaty Of Versailles, which was signed in 1919 after World War I to nullify further threats of aggressive acts by Germany.

The Rise Of Nazism : The Nuremberg Rallies :

 

 

ITALY INVADES ETHIOPIA :

Date : 1935.

Mussolini's desire to create an Italian Empire is launched when Italian troops invade Ethiopia, north Africa. The League of Nations fail to act, and the result was Ethiopia losing its independence.

 

 

'THE LONG MARCH' ENDS :

Date : October 1935.

The Chinese Communists led by Mao Zedong end their 6,000 mile march and arrive at Yan'an, in north west China.

 

 

: 1936 :

GERMAN TROOPS MOVE INTO THE RHINELAND :

Date : 7th March 1936.

Hitler orders German troops into the Rhineland unopposed, and regains lost pride and territories annexed at the end of World War I by The Treaty Of Versailles.

 

 

AXIS PACT FORMED :

Date : 1936.

Hitler's Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy formed an alliance in 1936. The Rome-Berlin Axis formation was due to sanction and threats that resulted in Italy's invasion of Ethiopia.

 

 

ANTI-COMINTERN PACT :

Date : 25th November 1936.

Nazi Germany signs an Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan.

 

 

ITALY ANNEXES ETHIOPIA :

Date : 1936.

Following the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in the previous year, it now annexes Ethiopia as part of Mussolini's new empire.

 

 

SPANISH CIVIL WAR ERUPTS :

Date : 1936.

Following the narrow success of the the left-wing Republicans in the elections, right-wing General Franco leads a military revolt against the new republican government and plunges Spain into a civil war.

Franco's nationalistic right-wing cause is supported by the Fascist states of Hitler's Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy. The Republican government received assistance from the Soviet Union.

 

 

: 1937 :

NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN BECOMES BRITISH PM :

Date : May 1937.

Conservative leader Stanley Baldwin resigns as PM, and Neville Chamberlain becomes the new British Prime Minister.

 

 

JAPAN RENEWS CONFLICT WITH CHINA :

Date : November 1937.

A full scale conflict erupted between Japan and China. Japan invaded mainland China. Although communist forces led by Mao Zedong and nationalist forces under Chiang Kai-shek became uneasy allies, they could not stop the Japanese taking over most of north east China, and seizing Shanghai and Nanjing.

This event is sometimes seen as the spark to World War II.

 

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For those visitors that have entered to this site, directly to this page, we would like to inform you that this page is part of a series of pages, within a section that acts as a backdrop to 'The Puzzle' project. 'The Puzzle' is a musical project that looks at different events from the 20th-21st Century.

This section is part of the 'World War II' zone. 'A Promise Of Peace' tells the story, in chronological order, of World War II.

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