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Lee Saunders : The Puzzle Project

: 2005 :

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January 4th
In Iraq, the Governor of Baghdad Ali Al-Haidri was assassinated by gunmen.
January 9th
The Palestinian Presidential election. Voters elected PLO chairman Mahmoud Abbas as their new President of the Palestinian Authority to replace Yasser Arafat.
January 12th
In the United States, 'Deep Impact' was launched from Kennedy Space Center by a Delta 2 rocket.
January 13th
Armed militants entered into Israel from Gaza and opened fire near the border. 6 people killed and 5 others wounded. Hamas and Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed joint responsibility for attack. Confirmation.
January 14th
The European Space Agency (ESA) Huygens probe landed on Titan, largest moon of Saturn, near the Xanadu region.
January 16th
In Bucharest, Romania, Adriana Iliescu gave birth to a girl, Eliza Maria, at the age of 66, which made her the oldest woman in the world to do so. The child was not her biological child, the ovum and the sperm was from an anonymous donor. Iliescu was more of a surrogate mother.
January 16th
In the Gaza Strip, armed militants killed 1 and wounded 8 people in the Gush Katif settlement. The terror group Hamas claimed responsibility.
January 20th
In the United States, President George W. Bush Jr. was inaugurated in Washington D.C. It signalled President Bush's start of his second term as the 43rd President of the United States of America.
January 23rd
In the Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko was sworn in as the third President of Ukraine in Kiev.
January 25th
In India, a stampede at the Mandher Devi temple in Mandhradevi during a religious pilgrimage killed at least 215, mostly women and children.
January 29th
In Iraq, the first elections were held, in a post Saddam Hussein Iraq, in half a century. An estimated 60% turnout, with 44 dead and 112 injuried marked the historic day.
January 30th
A British Royal Air Force C-130 Hercules transport plane crashed in Iraq, which killed 10 British servicemen. Iraqi insurgents released a video and claimed to have shot the aircraft down using a missile.
February 7th
Ellen MacArthur completed her successful solo record breaking attempt to circumnavigate the world in her multi-hull trimaran. The voyage lasted 71 days, 14 days, 18 hours and 33 seconds.
February 9th
In Spain, an ETA car bomb injured 31 people at a conference centre in Madrid.
February 10th
North Korea announced that it possessed nuclear weapons as a protection against the hostility it felt from the United States.
February 10th
Saudi Arabia held its first ever elections for municipal authorities, in which only men were allowed to vote.
February 14th
In Lebanon, a massive suicide bomb blast in central Beirut killed Lebanon's former prime minister Rafik Hariri and at least 15 other people. At least 135 other people were also hurt.
February 14th
In Iran, around 59 were killed and 200 people injured in a fire at a mosque in Tehran.
February 16th
The Kyoto Protocol came into effect, without the support of the United States and Australia.
February 19th
In Iraq, suicide bombers killed more than 30 people, as Shia Muslims mark Ashura, their holiest day.
February 22nd
In Iran, more than 500 people were killed and over 1,000 injured after entire villages were flattened in an earthquake measuring 6.4 in the Zarand region of the Kerman province in southern Iran.
February 25th
In the United States, American police apprehended the BTK serial killer Dennis Rader 31 years after his first murder.
February 25th
In Israel, terrorists killed 5 and wounded 50 people in Tel Aviv. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for attack.
February 26th
In Egypt, President Hosni Mubarak asked parliament to amend the constitution to allow multi-candidate presidential elections before September 2005.
March 1st
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled the death penalty unconstitutional for juveniles who committed their crimes under age 18.
March 3rd
American millionaire Steve Fossett broke a world record by completing the first non-stop, non-re fueled, solo flight around the world in the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer.
March 10th
Tung Chee Hwa, the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, resigned.
March 11th
In Britain, the controversial Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 was finally given Royal Assent after one of the longest ever sittings by the House of Lords.
March 14th
The People's Republic of China ratified an anti-secession law aimed at preventing Taiwan from declaring independence.
March 14th
In Lebanon, a million people gathered for an opposition rally in Beirut, a month after the death of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
March 16th
Ripudaman Singh Malik and Ajaib Singh Bagri, were found not guilty on all counts of the bombing of the Air India Flight 182 in 1985.
March 19th
In Qatar, a suspected suicide bomber in Doha, which killed 1 and injured 12 other people.
March 19th
In Pakistan, a time bomb exploded in a Muslim shrine in Quetta, south west of the county. The blast killed 9 and 40 injured people.
March 21st
In the United States, 10 people were killed in the Red Lake High School massacre in Minnesota, the worse school shooting since the Columbine High School massacre.
March 23rd
The United States' 11th Circuit Court of Appeals' in a 2 to 1 decision, refused to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube.
March 24th
The Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan reached its climax with the overthrow of President Askar Akayev.
March 26th
The Taiwanese government called on 1 million Taiwanese to demonstrate in Taipei in opposition to the Anti-Secession Law of Mainland China. Around 200,000 to 300,000 attended the walk.
March 28th
A Sumatran earthquake struck off Sumatra, 3 months after the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. At a magnitude of 8.7 it was the second largest earthquake since 1965.
April 2nd
Karol Wojtyla (Pope John Paul II) died aged 84 at the Vatican, Rome (19.37 GMT). Pope John Paul II, religious leader to over a billion Catholics in the world, became the first Polish Pope, and the third longest serving Pope in history.
April 6th
King Rainier III of Monaco died and was succeeded by his son Prince Albert, who was crowned King Albert II.
April 7th
In Britain, MG Rover, the UK's sole remaining volume car producer went into receivership after a planned alliance with the Chinese manufacturer, Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation collapsed.
April 7th
In Egypt, a suicide bomber attacked Cairo's Khan al Khalili market, 2 foreign tourists were killed and 17 others injured. A group called the "Islamic Pride Brigades" claimed responsibility.
April 9th
In Iraq, tens of thousands of demonstrators in Baghdad, many of them supporters of Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr, denounced the U.S. occupation of Iraq, two years after the fall of Saddam Hussein and rallied in the square where his statue was toppled in April 9th 2003.
April 9th
The marriage of The Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles took place, after being briefly postponed after the Pope's death. Camilla assumed the titles Her Royal Highness and The Duchess of Cornwall.
April 15th
In France, a devastating fire at a hotel in central Paris killed at least 21 people and fifty people were injured.
April 17th
In Switzerland a bus carrying twenty seven people plunged 656 feet into a ravine and killed twelve holidaymakers.
April 19th
In Italy, within the Vatican City, Joseph Ratzinger was elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.
April 21st

In Saudi Arabia, a gunfight on the edge of the Saudi city of Mecca between the police and militants ended with two militants killed and two members of the security forces.
April 23rd
In Italy, the Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi of Italy, reformed the government after its dissolution three days earlier.
April 23rd
English actor Sir John Mills died. Well respected actor of the stage and film, and featured on many World War II epics.
April 25th
In Japan, a passenger train derailed in Amagasaki Hyogo Prefecture, and killed 107 and injured another 456 people.
April 26th
Facing international pressure, Syria withdrew the last of its 14,000 troops from its military garrison in Lebanon, and ended its twenty nine year military domination of that country.
April 27th
In France, the Superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 made its first flight from Toulouse.
April 30th
In Egypt, attacks on tourists in the Egyptian capital of Cairo left three militants dead and at least ten people injured.
May 1st
In Iraq, a suicide attack targeted a Kurdish funeral in the northern Iraqi town of Talafar, near Mosul, and left at least 25 people dead and more than 30 others injured. Earlier, at least five policemen and four civilians were killed in two separate attacks in Baghdad.
May 4th
In Irbil, northern Iraq, one of the largest insurgent attacks in Iraq to date, where at least 60 people were killed and dozens wounded in a suicide bombing at a Kurdish police recruitment center.
May 5th
The British people voted in the 2005 general election. The Labour Party was re-elected with a substantially reduced majority.
May 5th
In the United States, two homemade bombs exploded outside the British consulate in New York.
May 6th
The May 5th British General Election saw a third consecutive Labour Party victory, and Tony Blair the British Prime Minister for another term. First time that Labour had been returned three times consecutively.
May 10th
In Tbilisi, Georgia, a hand grenade thrown by Vladimir Arutinian landed about 100 feet (30 m) from the United States President George W. Bush Jr. while he was giving a speech to the Tbilisi crowd, but malfunctioned and did not detonate.
May 13th
In eastern Uzbekistan, Uzbek troops killed up to 700 during protests over the trials of 23 accused Islamic extremists. President Islam Karimov defended the act.
May 16th
In the United States, British MP George Galloway appeared before a U.S. Senate committee in Washington, to answer allegations of making money from the Iraqi Oil-for-Food Programme.
May 17th
In the Middle-East, Kuwaiti women were granted the right to vote.
May 25th
In Turkey, Liverpool F.C. won the UEFA Champions League by defeating AC Milan. The score at the end of the match was 3-3, but Liverpool won the match 3-2 in a penalty shootout in Istanbul.
May 29th
In France, a French referendum on the European Constitution was voted by the French people to be rejected.
May 31st
In the United States, W. Mark Felt was confirmed to be 'Deep Throat', with regard to the Watergate scandal of the 1970s.
June 1st
In Holland, the Dutch referendum on the European Constitution was voted by the people for it to be rejected, the second country to do so.
June 13th
In the United States, singer and the 'King of Pop' Michael Jackson was acquitted of all charges of harming children.
June 21st
Volna booster rocket carrying the first light sail spacecraft (a joint Russian-United States project) failed 83 seconds after its launch, destroying the spacecraft.
June 28th
In Portsmouth, England, Queen Elizabeth II conducted the International Fleet Review of 167 international warships in the Solent, as part of the Trafalgar 200 celebrations.
July 2nd
Live 8, a series of 10 simultaneous concerts take place throughout the world, raising interest in the Make Poverty History campaign. The main event was at Hyde Park In London, England.
July 4th
NASA's "Copper bullet" from the 'Deep Impact' spacecraft hit Comet Tempel 1, which created a crater for scientific studies.
July 4th
In Scotland, violent G8 demonstrations occurred at Gleneagles.
July 6th
The International Olympic Committee awarded the 2012 Summer Olympics to London, England.
July 7th
London suffered its first suicide bomb attack. Four bombs were exploded by four British born Muslims, targeting London's transport system. The attack killed 52 people and injured hundreds more.
July 7th
Al-Qaeda admitted to the killing of Egypt's Ambassador, Ihab al-Sherif.
July 10th
In Luxembourg, a referendum on the European Constitution was voted to be accepted.
July 12th
In Israel, terrorists killed 5 and injured 90 people in a crowded mall in Netanya. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for attack.
July 17
British political figure Sir Edward Heath died. Heath was a conservative MP and served as the party leader and Prime Minister in the 1970s.
July 21st
A terrorist attack on London, similar to the July 7th attacks, included 4 attempted bomb attacks on 3 Underground trains and a London bus. The bombs failed to explode properly and only one injury was reported.
July 22nd
In London, England, a Brazilian electrician Jean Charles de Menezes, was shot dead at a London underground station by police who mistakenly took him for a suicide bomber.
July 24th
In France, American cyclist Lance Armstrong won a record seventh straight 'Tours de France' before his scheduled retirement.
July 26th
NASA's Space Shuttle 'Discovery' "Return To Flight", mission STS-114, launched from KSC in Florida. This was the first Space Shuttle mission in nearly two and a half years since the destruction of the Columbia shuttle on its return from mission STS-107 in February 1st 2003.
July 28th
The Provisional IRA issued a statement which formally ordered an end to the armed campaign it had pursued since the start of 'The Troubles' in 1969 and ordered all its units to dump their arms.
August 2nd
In Canada, Air France Flight 358 bursted into flames after it overshot the runway at Toronto Pearson International Airport. All the passengers on board the flight survived.
August 9th
The Space Shuttle 'Discovery' returned to Edwards Air Force Base at 0814 EDT, which completied the mission STS-114 "Return to Flight".
August 12th
NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was launched.
August 16th
West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashed into a mountain in Venezuela, 152 passengers were killed.
August 17th
In the Middle-East, the first forced evacuation of settlers as part of Israel's unilateral disengagement plan began.
August 18th
In the United States, the BTK killer Dennis Rader was sentenced to 10 consecutive life sentences.
August 18th
Peace Mission 2005, the first joint China-Russia military exercise, began its 8-day training on the Shandong peninsula.
August 23rd
Israel's unilateral disengagement from 25 Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and West Bank ended.
August 28th
In Israel, a terrorist attack wounded 52 at bus station in Beersheba. Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for attack.
August 29th
Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf coast of the United States causing severe destruction. 1,383 people were killed and 80% of New Orleans was flooded and thousands of people were displaced.
August 31st
In Iraq, a stampede crushed people on the Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad and killed several hundred civilians.
September 1st
Worldwide oil prices rose sharply following economic effects of Hurricane Katrina.
September 7th
In Egypt, Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak won Egypt's first multi-party presidential election.
September 12th
In England, the English cricket team win the Ashes, with a draw in the final test match against Australia.
September 14th
American film director Robert Wise died. Wise was responsible for such films as 'Day The Earth Stood Still'.
14th - 16th
In the United States, the largest UN World Summit in history was held in New York City.
September 18th
Angela Merkel of the Christian Democratic Union and Gerhard Schröder of the Social Democratic Party both claimed victory in the German federal election.
September 18th
In Afghanistan the parliamentary elections were held.
September 19th
North Korea agreed to stop building nuclear weapons in exchange for aid and cooperation.
September 20th
Simon Wiesenthal died. Wiesenthal was imprisoned by the Nazi's during WWII and survived. He then became well known as an active hunter of Nazi War criminals.
September 24th
Hurricane Rita hit the U.S. Gulf Coast. The 9th Ward section of New Orleans flooded for the 2nd time in 6 weeks. Other states effected were Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, and Alabama.
September 26th
U.S. army reservist Lynndie England was convicted by a military jury on six of seven counts in connection with the Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse scandal.
September 30th
Carsten Juste, editor of the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten, published 12 caricatures of the Muslim prophet Mohammed. The caricatures were designed by Danish cartoonist Kurt Westergaard, for a children's book by Kare Bluitgen on the Koran and the prophet's life.
September 31st
The sketches of the Muslim Prophet Mohammed, published in Denmark, caused a political and religious storm. The Muslim religion strictly forbids hand-drawn pictures of any person or animal, to avoid idol worship, but the caricatures also depict the prophet as a terrorist.
October 1st
In Asia, terrorists struck again in Bali when 26 people were killed and more than 100 were injured in the 2005 Bali bombings.
October 4th
Hurricane Stan hit Mexico and Central America. 1,620 people were reported killed.
October 8th
An 7.6 earthquake hit South Asia, the epicentre and worse affected area was Pakistan. Nearly 87,000 killed and millions made homeless from the devastating severity of the earthquake.
October 12th
The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 was launched, carrying Fei Junlong and Nie Haisheng for five days in orbit.
October 15th
In Iraq, the referendum on the new Proposed Iraqi constitution was held.
October 16th
US Helicopters and warplanes bombed two villages near Ramadi in western Iraq, 70 people were killed.
October 19th
In Iraq, the trial of the former President of Iraq Saddam Hussein began.
October 19th
Hurricane Wilma swelled into a Category 5 storm.
October 20th
Hurricane Wilma entered the Mexican Caribbean, passed through Cozumel and then onto the Yucatan Peninsula, and stayed over Cancún for over 60 hours.
October 21st
200th Anniversary of Admiral Nelson's victory in 1805 at the Battle of Trafalgar, celebrations were held around the United Kingdom.
October 23rd
In Brazil a Guns and Ammo Ban Referendum was held.
October 24th
In the United States, hurricane Wilma made landfall in the south west of Florida as a category 3 hurricane.
October 25th
Rosa Parks died aged 92. Known as the 'mother' of the civil rights movement in the United States when she refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in 1955 and was arrested and jailed for her act.
October 26th
In Iran, at the 'World Without Zionism' conference in Tehran, Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called for Israel to be "wiped off the map" and condemned the peace process.
October 26th
In Iraq, the death toll of U.S. servicemen reached 2,000.
October 27th
In France, two teenagers were accidentally electrocuted in Seine-Saint-Denis, Paris, when chased by police, climbed a wall to hide in a power substation. The deaths led to widespread riots.
October 28th
In the United States, Vice presidential adviser Lewis 'Scooter' Libby resigned after being charged with obstruction of justice, perjury and making a false statement in the CIA leak investigation.
October 30th
Hurricane Beta hit the coast of Nicaragua. It was the thirteenth hurricane of 2005, which broke the 1969 record of 12 hurricanes.
November 8th
In France, French President Jacques Chirac declared a state of emergency on the 12th day of the French civil unrest.
November 12th
The United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan made his first visit to Iraq since Gulf War II began and urged Iraqis to embrace a process aimed to reconcile all the country's ethnic and religious groups.
November 13th
In England, Andrew Stimpson, a 25-year old British man was reported as the first person proven to have been 'cured' of HIV after several tests.
November 20th
In the United States, The Washington Post rebuked journalist Bob Woodward over his conduct in the CIA leak probe.
November 21st
In Israel, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon announced his resignation from Likud and his intention to form a new party devoted to peace in the region, Kadima, and asked the President of Israel to call a general election.
November 25th
In London, England, Northern Ireland's favourite son, footballer George Best died. Best played for Manchester Utd among other teams.
November 30th
In France, surgeons carried out the first human face transplant. The patient was a French woman who had been mauled by her dog.
December 2nd
In the United States, Kenneth Boyd became the 1,000th person to be executed in the USA since the re-introduction of capital punishment in 1976.
December 4th
In Hong Kong, 250,000 people demonstrated for democracy.
December 6th
An Iranian C-130 Hercules airplane crashed into a ten-story building in a civilian area of Tehran, the capital of Iran. The crash killed 128 people, 94 passengers and 34 residents of the building.
December 9th
In London, England, was the last day of service for London's famous double decker red buses, the Routemaster.
December 11th
In England, a Oil Storage Terminal in Hertfordshire, north of London, caught fire and caused widespread damage.
December 13th
In Australia, mass race riots in Sydney involved up to 5,000 youths.
December 15th
In Iraq, the first parliamentary elections were held under Iraq's new constitution.
December 18th
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon was hospitalised after suffering a minor stroke. He was released from the hospital two days later.
December 23rd
In Poland, Lech Kaczynski was sworn in as the new President of Poland in Warsaw.
December 23rd
U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld announced the first in an expected series of troop withdrawals following Iraqi elections.
December 24th
Pope Benedict XVI led his first Christmas Midnight Mass as Pope, and prayed for peace in the Middle East.

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