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Lee Saunders : The Puzzle Project
Earth : GLOBAL TIMELINE :

: 1999 :

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: Global Timeline Menu :

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1999
January 1st
The new single European currency, the Euro (€), was introduced to the world's financial markets. It was launched as a currency for 12 of the member states on January 1st 2002.
January 4th
In Pakistan, gunmen opened fire on Shi'ite Muslims worshipping in an mosque in Islamabad, the capital city of Pakistan. The attack killed 16 and injured 25 people.
January 20th
The China News Service announced new government restrictions on Internet use in China, aimed especially at Internet cafes.
January 25th
A 6.0 earthquake hit western Colombia and killed at least 1,000 people.
February 7th
King Hussein of Jordan died from cancer. His son Abdullah II inherited the throne and became the new King of Jordan.
February 11th
Pluto, a planet with an irregular orbit, changed from being the eighth to ninth planet furthest from the Sun. It had been the eighth furthest since 1979, and will become again in 2231.
February 12th
President Bill Clinton was acquitted by the United States Senate in his impeachment trial. President Clinton became the first President since Andrew Johnson to be impeached.
February 16th
In Jasper, Texas, testimony began in the trial of John William King who was accused of dragging African American James Byrd Jr. to death in an apparent hate crime. King was later convicted and sentenced to the death penalty.
February 22nd
Moderate Iraqi Shi'ite cleric Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr was assassinated.
February 23rd
White supremacist John William King was found guilty of kidnapping and killing African American James Byrd Jr. by dragging him behind a truck for two miles (3 km).
March 4th
A military court acquitted Captain Richard Ashby (United States Marines) of reckless flying that killed 20 people in the 'Cavalese cable-car disaster' near Trento, Italy on February 3rd 1998.
March 7th
American film director and producer Stanley Kubrick died. Kubrick was famous for such films as '2001: A Space Odyssey' , 'Clockwork Orange' and the black comdey about the Cold War, 'Dr. Strangelove'.
March 8th
American baseball player Joe DiMaggio died. DiMaggio played his entire career (1936-1951) for the New York Yankees. He was also married to Hollywood starlet Marilyn Monroe, which lasted 274 days.
March 12th
Former 'Warsaw Pact' countires, Hungary, Poland and Czech Republic joined NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation).
March 20th
In the Balkans, the Serbs launched an offensive in Kosovo, in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
March 21st
Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones became the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon. They landed in Egypt after a 45,755 kilometre flight lasting 19 days, 21 hours and 47 minutes.
March 24th
NATO launched 11 weeks of air strikes in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia which had refused to sign a peace treaty. In Kosovo 800,000 people were displaced because of ethnic fighting. This marked the first time that NATO attacked a sovereign country.
March 24th
A fire in the Mont Blanc Tunnel killed 39 people and closed the tunnel for nearly three years. Mont Blanc is a 7.25 mile road tunnel linking France and Italy, near the Mont Blanc mountain in the Alps.
April 5th
Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 were handed over to Scottish authorities for eventual trial in the Netherlands. The United Nations suspended sanctions against Libya.
April 7th
In the Blakans, Kosovo's main border crossings were closed by Serbian forces to prevent ethnic Albanians from leaving.
April 17th
In London, neo-Nazi David Copeland, the 'London nailbomber' struck for the first time. A nail bomb was exploded in the middle of a busy market in Electric Avenue, Brixton in South London. 50 people were injured. This was a hate campaign against black, Asian and gay people. This bomb was aimed at the black community of Brixton.
April 20th
Columbine High School, Colorado, USA, where Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold opened fire in their school. Twelve students were killed and one teacher. The two attackers killed themselves.
April 24th
In London, neo-Nazi David Copeland, the 'London nailbomber' struck again. A second nail bomb was exploded and injured 13 people at Brick Lane, the centre of the Bangladeshi area in the east end of London. This was a hate campaign against black, Asian and gay people. This bomb was aimed at the Asian community.
April 26th
In Britain, the BBC television presenter and journalist, Jill Dando was murdered on the doorstep of her Fulham home in London.
April 30th
In London, neo-Nazi David Copeland, the 'London nailbomber' struck for the third time. A nail bomb exploded in the Admiral Duncan pub in Old Compton Street, Soho, London. The blast killed a pregnant woman and two friends and injured 70 people. This was part of a hate campaign against ethnic minorities and gay people. This bomb was aimed at the gay community of London.
April 30th
The Anti-Terrorist Branch of the Metropolitan Police Service identified neo-Nazi David Copeland, the 'London nailbomber', from CCTV footage of Brixton. A work colleague of Copeland's recognised him and alerted the police. He was arrested at his home in Farnborough, Hampshire.
May 2th
British actor and 'hellraiser' Oliver Reed died of a heart attack in Malta while filming 'Gladiator'. His other films included 'Tommy' (The Who) and 'The Three Musketeers' among many.
May 6th
Elections were held in Scotland and Wales for the new Scottish Parliament and the National Assembly for Wales.
May 7th
In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese embassy workers were killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft mistakenly bombed the Chinese embassy in Belgrade.
May 12th
In Scotland, Liberal MP David Steel became the first Presiding Officer (speaker) of the modern Scottish Parliament.
May 17th
In the Middle-East, Ehud Barak was elected prime minister of the state of Israel.
May 26th
The Indian Air Force launched an attack on intruding militants, backed Pakistan, in the Kashmir which sparked the 'Kargil War'.
May 26th
In Wales, the first Welsh Assembly for over 600 years opened in Cardiff.
May 27th
The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia in The Hague, Netherlands indicted Slobodan Milosevic and four others for war crimes and 'crimes against humanity' committed in Kosovo.
June 9th
The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and NATO signed a peace treaty.
June 10th
NATO suspended its air strikes after Slobodan Milosevic agreed to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
June 12th
A NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force named KFOR began 'Operation Joint Guardian' and entered the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
June 12th
Texas Governor George W. Bush Jr. announced his intention to seek the Republican Party's nomination for President of the United States.
June 16th
In England, David Edward Sutch (Screaming Lord Sutch), English musician and political personality, committed suicide by hanging himself. Lord Sutch was founder of the 'Monster Raving Looney Party' in 1983, and fought many elections as a representative of the party.
July 8th
Retired NASA Astronaut Pete Conrad was killed in a motorcycle accident in Ojai, California, USA. Conrad was the commander of the second Moon mission, Apollo 12, between 14th-24th November 1969.
July 11th
India recaptured Kargil as Pakistan pulled out its troops and militants after international condemnation. India claimed victory in the two-month conflict in the Kashmir called the 'Kargil War'.
July 16th
A plane piloted by John F. Kennedy Jr. crashed with his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy and her sister Lauren Bessette on board. All three were killed in the crash off the coast of Martha's Vineyard, USA.
July 20th
The Liberty Bell 7 capsule part of the Mercury program, originally piloted by NASA astronaut Gus Grissom in July 1961, was raised from the Atlantic Ocean.
July 25th
In France, American cyclist Lance Armstrong won his first 'Tour de France' cycle race.
July 31st
NASA intentionally crashed the 'Lunar Prospector' spacecraft into the Moon, its mission was to detect frozen water on the moon's surface.
August 9th
Russian President Boris Yeltsin sacked his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin and dismissed his entire cabinet for the fourth time.
August 10th
The 'Atlantique Incident' occured as an Pakistan Navy plane was shot down in India. The incident sparked tensions between the two nations, just a month after the end of the 'Kargil War' in the Kashmir.
August 11th
A total solar eclipse was seen and experienced from the tip of Cornwall, in Engalnd, through parts of Europe and Asia.
August 19th
In Belgrade, tens of thousands of Serbian protesters demonstrated to demand the resignation of Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.
September 20th
The former Soviet first lady Raisa Gorbachev died. Raisa was married to Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, the former President of the Soviet Union and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
October.
NASA's 'Mars Climate Orbiter' was destroyed when a navigation error caused the spacecraft to miss its intended 140-150 km altitude above Mars during orbit insertion. The spacecraft would have been destroyed by atmospheric stresses and friction at the low altitude of 57 km.
October 5th
In England, 31 people were killed in the Ladbroke Grove rail crash (also known as the Paddington train crash) west of London, England. The trains collided almost head on at the junction with a combined closing speed of approximately 130 mph / 205 km/h.
October 12th
Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif attempted to dismiss Army Chief General Pervez Musharraf. Army generals refused to accept Musharraf's dismissal. Musharraf was out of the country at the time.
October 12th
General Pervez Musharraf attempted to return to Pakistan in a commercial airliner. Sharif ordered Karachi airport to not allow his plane to land. The generals led a coup, ousted Sharif's administration and captured the airport. The plane landed with only a few minutes of fuel to spare, and Musharraf took control of the government.
October 12th
The 6 billionth person in the world, according to the UN was born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
October 31st
In the United States, EgyptAir Flight 990 from JFK airport in New York City to Cairo in Egypt crashed into the Atlantic Ocean, 60 miles south off the coast of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. The disaster killed all passengers and crew on board, 217 people.
November 6th
In Australia, Australians voted to keep the Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state.
November 19th
The People's Republic of China launched their first unmanned spacecraft Project 921/1. It was rechristened Shenzhou, a name reportedly chosen by Jiang Zemin.
November 28th
In Surrey, England, a man wielding a samurai sword entered St. Andrews Catholic Church in Thornton Heath, the London Borough of Croydon and injured 11 people.
December 2nd
The British government in Westminster devolved political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive.
December 3rd
NASA lost radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft entered the Martian atmosphere.
December 17th
The United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (Unmovic) was created to replace UNSCOM. The U.N. Security council once again ordered Iraq to allow inspections teams immediate and unconditional access to any weapons sites and facilities. Iraq rejected the resolution.
December 17th
In New York City, American musician and saxophonist Grover Washington, Jr. died. He had suffered a massive heart attack.
December 24th
Indian Airlines Flight 814, which was en route from Kathmandu, Nepal to Delhi in India, was hijacked and taken to Kandahar in Afghanistan.
December 29th
Former Beatle George Harrison was stabbed several times in the chest by Michael Anram, who had broken into his home. The man apparently believed that Harrison was the devil. He was later charged with attempted murder.
December 31st
In the Kremlin, in Moscow, Russia, Boris Yeltsin unexpectedly resigned as President of the Russian Federation. Yeltsin appointed Vladimir Putin (Chairman of the Government) to replace him as the second President of the Russian Federation.
December 31st
The Five hijackers, who hijacked Indian Airlines Flight 814 and had been holding 155 hostages in Kandahar, Afghanistan. Left the plane with two Islamic clerics that they had demanded to be freed.
December 31st
The start of the Millennium celebrations and countdown amid serious concerns of the Y2K problems with computer systems.
December 31st
In London, HM Queen Elizabeth II opened the Millennium Dome at Greenwich, which started the Millennium celebrations in London. The Dome was opened to the general public the following day, January 1st 2000. The exhibition would be open for the whole of 2000.
December 31st
The Panama Canal was transferred from US military control to Panamanian control. Control of the canal was handed over to the Panama Canal Authority.
 

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