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Lee Saunders : The Puzzle Project

: 1997 :

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Janusry 1st
Kofi Annan succeeded Boutros Boutros-Ghali as the new Secretary General of the United Nations. Boutros Boutros-Ghali had stepped down from office December 31st 1996.
January 9th
Yachtsman Tony Bullimore was found alive five days after his boat capsized in the Southern Ocean.
January 19th
Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron after more than 30 years and joined the celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.
January 20th
In the United States, President Bill Clinton started his second term as President of the United States.
January 22nd
In the United States, Madeleine Albright became the first female Secretary of State after the confirmation by the United States Senate.
January 23th
Mir Aimal Kasi received the death sentence for a 1993 assault rifle attack outside CIA headquarters that killed two people and wounded three others.
January 27th
It was revealed that French museums had nearly 2,000 pieces of art that were stolen by Nazis during WWII.
February 4th
O. J. Simpson was found in a civil court to be liable for the deaths of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman. Simpson was ordered to pay $35,000,000 in damages to the families of the two victims.
February 4th
On their way to Lebanon two Israeli troop-transport helicopters collided killing 73 people.
February 4th
Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic at first contested the results, but then recognised opposition victories in the November 1996 elections.
February 5th
The so-called 'Big Three' banks in Switzerland announced the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
February 6th
In Britain, widow Diane Blood won the right to use the sperm of her dead husband to have a child.
February 13th
Astronauts from the Space Shuttle 'Discovery' on mission STS-82 began servicing and repair work on the Hubble Space Telescope.
February 19th
Deng Xiaoping died at 92. Xiaoping was the last of the People's Republic of China's major revolutionaries. His death signalled weeks of mourning for the leader in China.
February 22nd
At at the Roslin Institute in Scotland, scientists announced that an adult sheep named 'Dolly' had been successfully cloned and was born the previous year, on July 5th 1996.
February 23th
On the Russian Space station, Mir, a large fire occurred while in orbit.
March 4th
United States President Bill Clinton blocked federal funding for any research on human clone research.
March 6th
In Sri Lanka, the Tamil Tigers overran a military base and killed more than 200 people.
March 13th
India's Missionaries of Charity chose Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
March 22nd
The comet Hale-Bopp had its closest approach to Earth. The comet was discovered on July 23rd 1995 by two independent observers, Alan Hale and Thomas Bopp of the United States.
March 26th
In the United States, 39 bodies of the Heaven's Gate cult were found in Rancho Santa Fe, San Diego. The members had committed suicide, convinced that their souls could take a ride on a spaceship that they thought was hiding behind the comet Hale-Bopp.
April 7th
Soviet cosmonaut Georgy Shonin died aged 62. Shonin served as back-up on the Soyuz 4 mission, 14th January 1969 and commander on the Soyuz 6 mission on the 11th - 16th October 1969.
April 14th
The new trial of former Nazi SS captain Erich Priebke began. He was accused of being involved in the 'Ardeatine massacre' in 1944 in Italy. Also accused to have participated in the deportation of 6,000-7,000 Jews from Italy to the Auschwitz death camp, and to have been involved in the torture of political prisoners.
April 21st
First space burial, carrying the remains of 24 people on a modified Pegasus rocket into earth orbit, until re-entry on May 20th 2002. 'Earthview 01: The Founders Flight' had Gene Roddenberry (Star Trek creator) and Timothy Leary buried on the flight.
April 22nd
A 126-day hostage crisis at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima, Peru ended after government commandos stormed and captured the building rescuing 71 hostages. One hostage died of a heart attack, two soldiers were killed from rebel fire and all 14 Tupac Amaru rebels were slain.
April 27th
Andrew Cunanan murdered Jerffrey Trail, which began a murder spree that would last until July and end with the murder of the fashion designer Gianni Versace at his home in Florida.
May 1st
In Britain, the Labour Party ended 18 years of Conservative rule in the 1997 British general election.
May 2nd
Due to Labour winning the British general election, Tony Blair, leader of the Labour Party, was appointed Prime Minister of Great Britain.
May 10th
An earthquake near Ardekul in north eastern Iran killed at least 2,400 people.
May 11th
IBM's (upgraded) chess supercomputer 'Deeper Blue' defeated Garry Kasparov in the last game (6) of the rematch of the 1996 clash. 'Deeper Blue' won the match 3.5-2.5 and became the first computer to beat a reigning World chess champion in a match.
May 12th
The Russian-Chechen Peace Treaty (Khasavyurt accords) was formally signed by President Boris Yeltsin and President Aslan Maskhadov in the Kremlin. Hostilities had ended with the signing of the Khasavyurt accords by General Aleksandr Lebed on August 31st 1996.
May 16th
US President Bill Clinton issued a formal apology to the surviving victims of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and their families, 25 years after the 40 year "study" was exposed by reporter Jean Heller.
June 2nd
In the United States, Timothy McVeigh was convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy for his role in the 1995 terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
June 11th
The British House of Commons voted for a total ban on handguns. A direct response to the 'Dunblane Massacre' of March 13th 1996.
June 13th
In the United States, a jury sentenced Timothy McVeigh to the death penalty for his part in the April 19th 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
June 25th
A Russian unmanned Progress freighter spacecraft collided with the Russian Space station, Mir.
July 1st
The United Kingdom handed over sovereignty of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China.
July 4th
NASA's Mars Pathfinder space probe, launched December 4th 1996, after a 7-month voyage landed on the surface of Mars, a region called Chryse Planitia.
July 8th
NATO invited the former Eastern block countries of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.
July 13th
The skeletal remains of Che Guevara were exhumed from beneath an air strip near Vallegrande, Bolivia and were returned to Cuba for burial alongside some of his other comrades of the revolution.
July 15th
Serial killer Andrew Phillip Cunanan shot fashion designer Gianni Versace to death outside Versace's US home in Miami, Florida.
July 22nd
The trial of former Nazi SS captain Erich Priebke ended. He was found guilty of 'crimes against humanity' and involved in the 'Ardeatine massacre' in 1944 in Italy. Also found guilty of deporting of 6,000-7,000 Jews to the Auschwitz death camp, and to have tortured political prisoners. He was sentenced to 15 years years in prison.
August 1st
In the United States, the aircraft and aerospace manufacturers Boeing and McDonnell Douglas Corp completed their merger.
August 26th
The Independent International Commission on Decommissioning was set up in Northern Ireland, as part of the on-going peace process.
August 31st
In France, Diana the Princess of Wales was killed after a car crash in the Pont de l'Alma road tunnel in Paris. Two other people in the car were also killed, and one survived. Dodi Al-Fayed, an Egyptian businessman, died as did the driver of the car Henri Paul. Diana's bodyguard Trevor Rees-Jones was the only passenger that survived.
September 5th
Mother Teresa, Albanian missionary and humanitarian, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize died.
September 6th
The funeral of Princes Diana took place at Westminster Abbey in London, England. A shocked British public displayed their grief and sympathy, as funeral was watched by over 1 billion people worldwide.
September 11th
Scotland voted to create its own Parliament after 290 years of union with England.
September 18th
Wales voted in favour of devolution and the formation of a National Assembly.
September 25th
UNSCOM inspector Dr. Diane Seaman caught several Iraqi men sneaking out the back door of an inspection site with log books for the creation of prohibited bacteria and chemicals.
October 2nd
UK scientists Moira Bruce and John Collinge with their colleagues independently showed that the new variant form of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was the same disease as Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or 'mad-cow disease'.
October 15th
Andy Green set the first supersonic land speed record for the ThrustSSC team, led by Richard Noble of the United Kingdom. ThrustSSC went through the flying mile course at Black Rock Desert, Nevada at an average speed of 1,227.985 km/h (763.035 mph).
October 15th
The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft was launched from Earth. The combined craft had the European Space Agency (ESA) Huygens probe, the destination was Saturn's largest moon, Titan.
October 17th
The remains of Che Guevara were laid to rest with full military honours in a specially built mausoleum in the city of Santa Clara, where he had won the decisive battle of the Cuban Revolution thirty-nine years before.
October 27th
Stock markets around the world crashed due to a global economic crisis scare.
October 29th
Iraq stated it would shoot down U-2 surveillance planes that were used by UNSCOM inspectors.
October 30th
In the United Statesss, British au pair Louise Woodward was found guilty of the baby-shaking death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen.
November 3rd
In France, striking truck drivers blockaded ports during a dispute over pay.
November 10th
In the United States, a jury in Fairfax, Virginia, found Mir Aimal Kasi guilty of the murder of two CIA employees in 1993.
November 11th
In Ireland, Mary McAleese was elected the eighth President of Ireland.
November 12th
In the United States, terrorist Ramzi Yousef was found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
November 16th
After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People's Republic of China released Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.
November 17th
In Luxor, Egypt, 62 people were killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut. The terrorist attackers were killed by police.
November 19th
In Carlisle, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gave birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive.
December 3rd
In Ottawa, Canada, representatives from 121 countries signed a treaty prohibiting manufacture and deployment of anti-personnel landmines. The United States, People's Republic of China, and Russia were the only countries that did not sign the treaty.
December 12th
The trial of the terrorist, 'Carlos the Jackal', (Ilich Ramírez Sánchez) began in Paris, charged with the murder of the two policemen and the Israeli double agent Michel Moukharbal in Paris in 1975.
December 23rd
The trial of the terrorist, 'Carlos the Jackal', real name Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, ended in Paris. Sánchez was found guilty and was sentenced to life imprisonment.
December 27th
Loyalist paramilitary leader Billy Wright was assassinated in Northern Ireland, inside Long Kesh prison.
December 29th
Hong Kong began to kill all the chickens within its territory (1.25 million) to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain.
December 31st
In the United States, son of Robert F. Kennedy, Michael LeMoyne Kennedy died. Kennedy was killed in a skiing accident when he hit a tree while playing football on skis, in Aspen, Colorado.

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