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Lee Saunders : The Puzzle Project
Earth : GLOBAL TIMELINE :

: 1990 :

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1990
January 3rd
Manuel Noriega, the former leader of Panama, surrendered under extreme pressure to American forces.
January 15th
Thousands of German protesters stormed the Stasi (East German Secret Police) HQ in Berlin to view their records.
January 25th
In Germany the official process of dismantling the Berlin Wall began.
January 31st
The American fast food giant McDonalds opened its first restaurant in Moscow, Russia.
February 2nd
In South Africa President F.W. de Klerk allowed the African National Congress to legally operate again and announced he promises to set Nelson Mandela free.
February 7th
In Moscow the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agreed to give up its monopoly of power. The act triggered the beginning of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
February 10th
South African President F.W. de Klerk fulfilled his promise and announced that Nelson Mandela would be released the following day.
February 11th
Nelson Mandela was released from Victor Verster prison in South Africa, on the order of South African President FW de Klerk. Mandela served 27 years in prison.
February 13
An agreement is reached for a two-stage plan for German reunification, between the east and west, divided since the end of WWII.
February 15th
Diplomatic links were restored between the governments of the United Kingdom and Argentina. The UK had broken off links in response to Argentina's invasion of the Falkland Islands in 1982.
February 26th
Moscow agreed to withdraw all Soviet troops from Czechoslovakia by July, 1991.
February 26th
Democratic elections were held in Nicaragua, and the Sandinistas were defeated.
March 9th
Police sealed off the London borough of Brixton in South London after another night of protests against the much hated 'Poll Tax'.
March 11th
Lithuania declared independence from the Soviet Union.
March 15th
British journalist Farzad Bazoft was hanged by the Iraqis for spying. The British nurse Daphne Parish was sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment suspected to be Bazoft's accomplice.
March 15th
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union.
March 15th
The Soviet Union announced that Lithuania's declaration of independence was invalid.
March 18th
East Germany held its first free elections since 1932.
March 20th
The infamous Imelda Marcos, Ferdinand Marcos's widow, went on trial for bribery, embezzlement and racketeering.
March 21st
In London a massive demonstration in Trafalgar Square, against the hated 'Poll Tax', turns into a riot. 417 people injured, 341 arrested
March 27th
Namibia became an independent state for the first time in 75 years of being under South African rule.
March 28th
President George H. W. Bush Snr. presented the hero of the 1936 Berlin Olympic games Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.
March 31st
Riots erupted in Trafalgar Square, London. 100,000 people gathered to demonstrate against the 'Poll Tax', the demonstrators clashed with the police in violent pitch battles. 339 protestors were arrested.
April 7th
In the United States, John Poindexter was found guilty of five charges for his part in the Iran Contra Affair. The convictions were later reversed after an appeal.
April 24th
NASA's Space Shuttle 'Discovery' placed the Hubble Space Telescope into orbit on mission STS-31. The Hubble Space Telescope became operational on May 20th.
April 24th
West and East Germany agreed to merge its currency and economies as of July 1st.
May 19th
British agriculture Minister John Gummer fed a hamburger to his 5-year-old daughter in front of the world's media, to stop rumours about tMad cow disease (CJD) and the risk of transmission to humans.
May 20th
The first post-communist presidential and parliamentary elections were held in Romania.
June 1st
U.S. President George H. W. Bush Snr. and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed a treaty to end chemical weapon production. The treaty also agreed to reduce their existing deadly stockpiles.
June 12th
The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declared its sovereignty.
July 2nd
A tragic disaster in Mecca, as a stampede in a pedestrian tunnel killed 1,426 muslims on their way to pay homage.
July 25th
The Serbian Democratic Party declared sovereignty of the Serbs in Croatia.
July 27th
Belarus declared its sovereignty, a major step in breaking away and toward total independence from the Soviet Union.
August 2nd
Iraq invaded Kuwait. The world was outraged and prepared for a military conflict with a build up of troops in Saudi Arabia.
August 6th
The United Nations Security Council ordered a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
August.
NASA probe Magellan went into orbit around Venus, its mission was to map the surface of the planet using radar.
August.
The ban on the ANC (African National Congress), which had been in place since 1960, was lifted in South Africa, and the ANC HQ was moved from Zambia to Johannesburg. The ANC's military wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe, also suspended its armed struggle.
September 11th
President George H. W. Bush Snr. delivered a national televised speech and threatened the use of force to remove Iraqi soldiers from Kuwait.
September 12th
The Allies that had divided Germany at the end of WWII (Britain, USA, Russia and France), and both East and West Germany, signed the 'Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany' in Moscow, which cemented the final politcial points for the German re-unification.
October 3rd
East and West Germany were unified. The German re-unification meant that East Germany became part of the Federal Republic of Germany. Germany was divided into zones by the Allies at the end of World War II after the defeat of the Nazis. The divided Germany was the front line in the cold war between the East and the West.
October 8th
The Israeli police killed 17 Palestinians and wounded over 100 in a clash at the Dome of the Rock mosque, on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
October 13th
Syrian military forces invaded and occupied Mount Lebanon, removing General Michel Aoun's government. This invasion cemented Syria's 14 year occupation of Lebanon.
October 15th
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, the newly elected President of the Soviet Union, received the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.
November 1st
Mary Robinson defeated Brian Lenihan in the Irish Presidential elections, and became the first woman President of Ireland.
November 8th
Mary Robinson officially became President of the Republic of Ireland.
November 12th
Tim Berners-Lee published a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
November 13th
In the United States, the first known web page was written.
November 15th
The Space Shuttle 'Atlantis' launched with mission flight STS-38.
November 20th
Margaret Thatcher was challenged for the leadership of the party. While at a conference in Paris the 1st ballot results proved she was four votes short of winning the challenge, which forced a 2nd ballot.
November 22nd
Margaret Thatcher failed to find support for the 2nd ballot and so resigned as the Conservative leader and British Prime Minister. John Major became the new party leader, and Britain's new Prime Minister.
November 27th
The UK Conservative Party chose John Major to succeed Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
November 29th
The members of U.N. Security Council passed Resolution 678, which gave Iraq until Tuesday January 15th 1991 to withdraw its forces from Kuwait. The vote on the resolution was 12 to 2. Cuba and Yemen voted against the resolution and China abstained.
December 1st
British and French workers met and linked up for the first time, 40 meters beneath the English Channel seabed, in the construction of the Channel Tunnel, which will link Britain with mainland Europe.
December 2nd
A coalition led by Chancellor Helmut Kohl won the first free all-German elections since 1932.
December 9th
Lech Walesa, the electrician from the Gdañsk shipyard who became leader of the Solidarity (Solidarnosc) trade union, became President of Poland. He remained President until 1995.
December 6th
Iraq leader Saddam Hussein released the Western hostages he used as 'Human Shields' in fear of Allied attacks.
December 31st
Soviet cosmonaut Vasili Lazarev died aged 62. Lazarev served as second back-up to Boris Yegorov for the Voskhod 1 mission on the 12th October 1964.
 

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