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Lee Saunders : The Puzzle Project
Earth : GLOBAL TIMELINE :

: 1986 :

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1986
January 1st
The Iberian countries of Spain and Portugal entered the European Economic Community.
January 12th
NASA's Space Shuttle 'Columbia' was launched from Kennedy Space Center. Astronaut Dr. Franklin R. Chang-Diaz became the first Hispanic-American in space.
January 20th
Britain and France announced plans to construct the Channel Tunnel. A rail link under the English Channel which would link both countries.
January 20th
In the United States, the first federal public holiday 'Martin Luther King Day', honouring civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. The bill was signed by President Ronald Reagan on November 2nd 1983.
January 24th
NASA's Voyager II space probe had its first encounter with the planet Uranus. Voyager II sent back to Earth detailed pictures of the planet Uranus, before it moved onto Neptune, due mid 1989.
January 28th
NASA's space shuttle 'Challenger' launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, and exploded shortly after take off. The shuttle 'Challenger' disintegrated 73 seconds after launch and killed the crew of six astronauts and the schoolteacher Christa McAuliffe.
January 29th
In Uganda, Africa, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni became the new President of the Republic of Uganda. Museveni was successful after he led a 5 year struggle for liberation.
January.
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev offered new bilateral proposals between the United States and the Soviet Union. The elimination of all nuclear weapons by the year 2000.
February 7th
In Haiti, in the Caribbean, Haitian President Jean-Claude 'Baby Doc' Duvalier was overthrown. Duvalier fled the country and ended 28 years of rule in Haiti.
February 9th
Halley's Comet reached its perihelion, the closest point the comet would be to the Earth, during its second visit to the solar system in the 20th century. Its last visit was first time the comet was recorded on a photographic plate, September 9th 1909.
February 11th
Human Rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky was released by the Soviet Union. Once released Shcharansky left the country.
February 19th
The Soviet Union launched the orbiting space station Mir.
February 19th
In the United States, after waiting 37 years, the United States Senate approved a treaty outlawing genocide.
February 25th
President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines went into exile. Marcos fled to the United States after 20 years of rule. Corazon Aquino became the first Filipino woman President, first as in interim president.
February 27th
In the United States, the United States Senate allowed its debates to be televised on a trial basis.
February 28th
In Sweden, the Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme was shot dead on his way home from the cinema.
February.
The 27th Congress of the Soviet Communist Party enthusiastically supported and approved Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's 'Novoye Myshlenniye' (New Thinking).
March 8th
Japanese spacecraft Suisei flew by Halley's Comet, studying its UV hydrogen corona and solar wind.
March 9th
United States Navy divers found, mostly intact but heavily-damaged, crew compartment of the Space Shuttle 'Challenger'. The bodies of all seven astronauts were still inside.
April 5th
In West Berlin, a terrorist bomb was detonated at the La Belle discotheque. The club was lnown to be used by American soldiers. The blast killed 3 and injured 230 people. Libya was held responsible.
April 13th
In Italy, Pope John Paul II officially visited the Synagogue of Rome. It was the first time a modern Pope had visited a synagogue.
April 14th
In Bangladesh, a hailstone storm killed 92 people in the Gopalganj district. The hailstones weighed 2.2 lb (1 kg).
April 15th
In Britain, the British government allowed the US to use bases in the England to mount an attack against Libya. The attack was in response for Libyan terrorist activities.
April 15th
In Libya, in 'Operation El Dorado Canyon', US planes bombed targets in the Libyan capital Tripoli and the Benghazi region. The attack killed 100 people.
April 17th
In Lebanon, British journalist John McCarthy was kidnapped in Beirut. McCarthy would be released on 8th August 1991. The group Islamic Jihad (Shi'ite Muslims) claimed responsibility in retaliation for the US bombing of Libya.
April 26th
In the Soviet Union, the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in the Ukraine. An expolsion ripped reactor no.4 apart and killed 31 people in the world's worst nuclear disaster. Nearly 150,000 people had to be permanently evacuated from the area.
May 9th
Nepalese Sherpa Tenzing Norgay died. Norgay and Edmund Hillary were the first to climb and conquered Mount Everest, the world's highest peak in 1953.
May 26th
The European Economic Community adopted the European flag.
June 4th
In the United States, Jonathan Pollard pleaded guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence of Arab nations to Israel.
June 8th
In Austria, the former United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim was elected the new President of Austria.
June 9th
In the United States, the Rogers Commission released its report on the Space Shuttle 'Challenger' disaster.
July 5th
In New York, the Statue of Liberty was reopened to the public after an extensive refurbishment.
July 23rd
In Britain, Oueen Elizabeth II second son, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, married Sarah Ferguson at Westminster Abbey in London.
July 30th
In Britain, estate agent Suzy Lamplugh vanished after a meeting with a 'Mr. Kipper' in Fulham, London.
August 20th
In Edmond, Oklahoma, United States Postal Service employee Patrick Sherrill gunned down 14 of his co-workers before shooting himself.
August 21st
The Lake Nyos tragedy occured, killed nearly 2000 people.
August 31st
The Soviet passenger liner Admiral Nakhimov collided with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasev in the Black Sea and sank. 398 people were killed.
September 5th
In Pakistan, Pan Am Flight 73 was hijacked at Karachi International Airport. Four gunmen of the Abu Nidal organisation held 358 passengers hostage.
September 6th
In Turkey, two Arab terrorists from Abu Nidal's terror organisation attacked the Neve Shalom synagogue in Istanbul, during the Sabbath services. The attack killed 22 and wounded 6 people.
September 7th
In South Africa, Desmond Tutu became the first black to lead the Anglican Church in the history of South Africa.
October 1st
In the United States, President Ronald Reagan signed the Goldwater-Nichols Act into law, making official the largest reorganisation of the United States Department of Defense since the Air Force was made a separate branch of service in 1947.
October 10th
In El Salvador, Central America, a 7.5 earthquake struck the capital San Salvador and killed an estimated 1,500 people.
October 11th
In Iceland, the 'Reykjavik Summit' was held in the capital Reykjavik. The United States President Ronald Reagan met the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. The summit was to continue discussions about reducing the intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.
October 28th
In the United States, the centennial of the Statue of Liberty's dedication was celebrated in New York Harbor.
October 28th
In Britain, Jeremy Bamber was found guilty of the murder of his parents, sister and twin nephews. Bamber was given five life sentences.
November 3rd
In Lebanon, the Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reported that the United States has been selling weapons to Iran in secret. The deal was to secure the release of seven American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.
November 21st
In the United States, National Security Council member Oliver North and his secretary started to shred documents that implicated them in 'Iran-Contra' scandal.
November 25th
In the United States, the US Attorney General Edwin Meese announced that profits from covert weapons sales to Iran, were in fact illegally diverted to the anti-communist Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
November 26th
In the United States, U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced a Special Review Board (Tower Commission) to look into the scandal. The members of that board were ex-Senator John Tower, ex-Secretary of State Edmund Muskie and ex-National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft. Reagan denied any involvement in the 'Iran-Contra' scandal.
December 14th
Voyager, an experimental aircraft designed by Burt Rutan and piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, began its flight around the world.
December 19th
In Russia, the Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov was permitted to return to Moscow after years of internal exile.
December 23rd
Voyager completed the first nonstop circumnavigation of the earth by air without refueling in 9 days, 3 minutes and 44 seconds.
December 31st
In Puerto Rico, a large fire killed 97 and injured 140 people at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan.
 
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev introduced 'Glasnost' (Russian for "Openness"). The aim was to introduce more freedom across all aspects of Soviet life.
 
A State of Emergency was called in South Africa.
 

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