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: 1984 :

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1984
January 1th
Brunei became a fully independent state.
January 10th
The United States and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.
January 16th
In the United States, Jesse Jackson launched his campaign for US President in Philadelphia, USA.
January 24th
In the United States, the first Apple Macintosh computer went on sale.
February 3rd
NASA's Space Shuttle 'Challenger' was launched from Kennedy Space Centre, on the tenth space shuttle mission.
February 7th
NASA astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart made the first untethered space walk.
February 9th
In Russia, the Soviet leader Yuri Andropov died. Andropov the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee and President of the Soviet Union.
February 13th
In Russia, Konstantin Chernenko succeeded the late Yuri Andropov as the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
February 18th
The Vatican and Italian government signed a new concordant which changed the official religion to Roman Catholic.
February 26th
In Lebanon, US Marines as part of the peace keepers force, pulled out of Beirut, the capital of Lebanon.
February 29th
In Canada, the Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau announced his retirement from office.
March 5th
In the Iran-Iraq war, Iran accused Iraq of the use of chemical weapons. UN condemns the use on March 30.
March 5th
In India, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered an attack on the 'Golden Temple', the Sikh holy site.
March 6th
In Britain, the Miners strike began. The strike would last for 12 months.
March 14th
Sinn Fein's Gerry Adams and three others were seriously injured in a gun attack by the UVF.
March 16th
In Lebanon, William Buckley, CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists Islamic Jihad and would die in captivity.
March 23rd
In Britain, British civil servant Sarah Tisdall, who had informed 'The Guardian' newspaper that cruise missiles were to be based in Britain, was sentenced to six months imprisonment.
March 30th
The UN condemned Iraq for the use chemical weapons against Iran in the Iran-Iraq war.
April 4th
In the United States, President Ronald Reagan called for an international ban on chemical weapons in response to the use by Iraq in the Iran-Iraq war.
April 12th
Palestinian gunmen hijacked an Israeli bus and took the passengers hostage. Israeli special forces stormed the bus and killed 2. 1 hostage was killed in the operation. 2 other hijackers were captured and were killed during Israeli secret service interrogations.
April 13th
India launched 'Operation Meghdoot', as most of the Siachen Glacier in Kashmir came under Indian control.
April 17th
In Britain, WPC Yvonne Fletcher was murdered. A Libyan assassin shot demonstrators from a window of the Libyan embassy in St. James Square, London. The gunman killed the woman police officer. No person faced trial for the murder.
May 8th
The Soviet Union announced that it would boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California.
June 5th
The Indian forces began 'Operation Blue Star', the planned attack on the Sikh holy site, Golden Temple in Amritsar. The attack was ordered by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
June 6th
In India, Indian troops stormed the 'Golden Temple' at Amritsar, the Sikh's holiest shrine. The attack killed an estimated 1000 people.
June 8th
In the United States, a deadly F5 tornado nearly destroyed the town of Barneveld in Wisconsin. The tornado killed 9 and injured nearly 200 people. It also caused an estimated US$25 million of damage.
June 20th
In Britain, the British education system implemented the biggest exam shake up in a decade, when it announced that O-level and CSE exams would be replaced by a new exam, the GCSE.
June 22nd
The inaugural flight of the new airline Virgin Atlantic, owned by English businessman Richard Branson.
July 18th
In United States, 41-year-old James Oliver Huberty killed 21 people when he sprayed a McDonald's restaurant with gunfire in San Ysidro, California. Huberty was shot dead.
July 25th
Salyut 7 Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to perform a space walk.
July 28th
In the United States, the 1984 Summer Olympics opened in Los Angeles.
August 21st
In the Philippines, a demonstration of over 500,000 people in Manila demonstrated against the regime of Ferdinand Marcos.
August 30th
NASA launched the Space Shuttle 'Discovery' from Kennedy Space Centre, Florida, on its maiden voyage, on mission STS-41-D.
September 5th
NASA mission STS-41-D ended when the Space Shuttle 'Discovery' landed safely after its maiden voyage.
September 26th
United Kingdom and People's Republic of China signed the initial agreement to return Hong Kong to China in 1997.
October 5th
Astronaut Marc Garneau became the first Canadian in space, on board the Space Shuttle 'Challenger' on mission STS-41-6.
October 11th
Astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan became the first American woman to perform a space walk during the Space Shuttle 'Challenger' mission STS-41-6.
October 12th
In Britain, the IRA detonated a bomb at the Grand Hotel in Brighton, East Sussex, during the Conservative Party conference. The attack was an attempt to assassinate the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the British Cabinet.
October 19th
In Poland, the Polish secret police arrested the Catholic priest Jerzy Popieluszko, due to his support of the Solidarity trade union movement.
October 30
In Poland, the dead body of Catholic priest Jerzy Popieluszko was found in a reservoir. Polish secret police arrested him on October 19th.
October 31st
In India, the Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikh security guards. 2,700 Sikhs were killed in riots in New Delhi.
November 2nd
In the United States, Velma Barfield became the first woman to be executed in the United States since 1962.
November 6th
In the United States, President Ronald Reagan defeated Democrat Walter F. Mondale and was re-elected for a second term as President of the United States in the largest landslide in US election history.
 
In Africa, a famine devastated Ethiopia. News of the famine shocked the world into action.
November 25th
In Britain, top pop musicians gathered in a Notting Hill studio in London and formed 'Band Aid' and recorded the song 'Do They Know It's Christmas' to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia.
November 30th
The Tamil Tigers began the purge of the Sinhalese from North and East Sri Lanka. 127 people were killed.
December 3rd
In India, a methyl isocyanate leaked from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh and killed over 2,000 people. It injured between 150,000 to 600,000 other people, 6,000 of whom would later die from their injuries. The 'Bhopal Disaster' became on of the worst industrial disasters in history.
December 8th
Soviet space pioneer Vladimir Nikolaevich Chelomey died. Chelomey was an engineer in the Soviet aerospace industry, and later part of the Soviet space programme.
December 19th
The People's Republic of China and United Kingdom signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration which concerned the future of Hong Kong.
December 28th
A Soviet cruise missile plunged into Inarinjärvi lake in Finnish Lapland. The Finnish authorities announced the incident to the public on January 3rd 1985.
December 31st
In India, Rajiv Gandhi became the new Prime Minister and replaced the assassinated Indira Gandhi.
 

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