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: 1983 :

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1983
January 8th
In the United States, riots broke out in the Sing Sing prison.
January 10th
In the United States, Mafia hitman Roy DeMeo was found dead in the trunk of his own car.
January 15th
Mafioso Meyer Lansky died at Mount Sinai hospital.
January 19th
In Bolivia, the Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie, the 'Butcher of Lyon', was arrested.
January 22nd
Swedish tennis champion Björn Borg retired from tennis. Borg won 5 consecutive Wimbledon championships.
January 24th
25 members of the Red Brigades were sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Aldo Moro.
January 31st
In Britain, the use of seatbelts for drivers and front seat passengers became law.
February 6th
The Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie, the 'Butcher of Lyon', was charged with war crimes.
February 7th
In the Iran-Iraq war, Iran forces invaded southeast Iraq.
February 13th
In the United States, President Ronald Reagan proclaimed 1983 as 'The Year of the Bible'.
February 16th
In Australia, the 'Ash Wednesday' bushfires in the states of Victoria and South Australia killed 76 people in one of worst ever fires.
February 24th
In the United States, a U.S. Congress special commission released a report that was critical of the Japanese internment during World War II.
March 1st
In Australia, Bob Hawke was elected the new Australian Prime Minister.
March 8th
In the United States, President Ronald Reagan called the Soviet Union an 'evil empire'.
March 23rd
In the United States, President Ronald Reagan announced his proposal to develop the SDI 'Stars Wars' program. Technology that would intercept and destroy incoming enemy missiles. It was named 'Star Wars' by the media.
April 7th
During NASA's Space Shuttle mission STS-6, astronauts Story Musgrave and Don Peterson performed the first space shuttle spacewalk. The EVA duration was 4 hours, 10 minutes.
April 18th
In Lebanon, the United States embassy was bombed in Beirut. The terrorist blast killed 63 people.
April 22nd
In Australia, the Soviet embassy official Valery Ivanov was expelled from the country accused of trying to recruit spies in the Australian government.
April 23rd
In West Germany, Stern magazine announced it had obtained Hitler's diaries.
May 6th
In West Germany, Stern magazine published the 'Hitler Diaries'. The diaries were later proved to be a forgery.
May 9th
Pope John Paul II retracted the ban of Galileo Galilei.
May 17th
Lebanon, Israel, and the United States signed an agreement on Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon.
June 9th
In Britain, the Conservative Party won a landslide victory in the British general election. The defeat over Michael Foot's Labour Party meant that the Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher remained the Prime Minister for her second term. The much improved economy and her victory in the Falkands War were credited for the election victory.
June 13th
NASA's Pioneer 10 became the first man made object to leave the solar system.
June 18th
Astronaut Sally Ride became first American woman in space on the Space Shuttle Challenger.
July 20th
In Poland, the Polish government announced the end martial law and amnesty for all political prisoners.
July 25th
In Sri Lanka, anti-Tamil riots broke out and 3,000 Tamils were massacred. This act of genocide was the beginning of a deadly civil war and ethnic cleansing in the country.
August 21st
In the Philippines, the opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. was assassinated in Manila. Aquino had just returned from exile.
September 1st
Flight KAL 007 a schedule flight from New York to Seoul was shot down by a Soviet Su-15 fighter when the commercial aircraft entered Soviet airspace. All 269 passengers and crew were killed. Cold War tensions rose to a new high.
September 6th
The Soviet Union admitted to shooting down Korean Air Flight 007, and stated that the pilots did not know it was a civilian aircraft when it violated Soviet airspace.
September 23rd
In Northern Ireland, a mass outbreak by 38 prisoners in Maze prison. They hijacked a lorry and crashed through the gate. 1 guard was killed and 5 injured. 19 of the escaped prisoners were later captured.
September
25th - 26th
Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov averted a worldwide nuclear war.
October 2nd
In Britain, Neil Kinnock was elected the new leader of the British Labour Party. Kinnock replaced Michael Foot.
October 4th
In the United States, Richard Noble in Thrust 2, set a new world land speed record of 633.468 mph, at the Black Rock Desert, Nevada.
October 12th
In Japan, the ex Japanese Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei was found guilty of receiving a US$2 million bribe from the American aircraft company Lockheed and was sentenced to 4 years in jail.
October 19th
In Grenada, President Maurice Bishop and 40 others were shot in a military coup.
October 22th
In West Germany, people demonstrated in the city of Bonn for nuclear disarmament.
October 23rd
In Lebanon, a suicide truck bomb destroyed the United States Marine Corps barracks at Beirut International Airport. The blast killed 241 of the US 'peace-keepers' force.
October 25th
US forces invaded Grenada at the request of Dame Eugenia Charles of Dominica, a member of the Organisation of American States.
October 30th
In Argentina, the first democratic elections were held, after seven years of military rule.
November 2nd
In the United States, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill creating a federal holiday on the third Monday of every January to honour the American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
November 11th
In Japan, US President Reagan became the first US President to address the Japanese 'Diet', Japan's national legislature.
November 13th
In Britain, the first US cruise missiles arrived at Greenham Common airbase in England. The arrival of the missiles was greeted with demonstrations from peace campaigners.
November 15th
In Cyprus, the Turkish sector declared independence.
November 26th
In Britain, the Brinks Mat robbery took place. Armed robbers stole 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million from the Brinks Mat vault at Heathrow Airport in London.
December 17th
In Britain, an IRA car bomb was detonated outside Harrods in London. The blast killed 6 Christmas shoppers and injured 90 other people.
December 27th
Pope John Paul II visited Mehmet Ali Agca in prison and forgave him for his actions. Agca attempted to assassinate the Pope in St. Peter's Square, Rome in 1981. Agca was a suspected KGB agent.
December 31st
Two bombs explode in France. One on the Paris train kills 3 and injures 19. The other at Marseille station kills 2 and injures 34.
 
In Russia, the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, Yuri Andropov, was elected as the new President of the Soviet Union.
 
Lech Walesa, the leader Solidarity (Solidarnosc) trade union, an electrician from the Gdañsk shipyard strike, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
 

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